Yu, L.; Zhang, Z.; Huang, X.; Jiao, B.; Li, D. Enhancement Experiment on Cementitious Activity of Copper-Mine Tailings in a Geopolymer System. Fibers2017, 5, 47.
Yu, L.; Zhang, Z.; Huang, X.; Jiao, B.; Li, D. Enhancement Experiment on Cementitious Activity of Copper-Mine Tailings in a Geopolymer System. Fibers 2017, 5, 47.
Copper mine tailings are the residual products after the purification of precious copper from copper ores, and their storage can create numerous environmental problems. Many researchers have used copper mine tailings for preparation of geopolymer. This paper studies the enhancement of the cementitious activity of copper mine tailings in geopolymer system. First, copper mine tailings are activated through a mechanical grinding activation. Afterward, the mechanically activated copper mine tailings are further processed through thermal activation and alkaline roasting activating. The cementitious activity index of copper mine tailings is characterized through the degree of concentration of alkali leaching silicon and aluminum. It was observed that the Si and Al alkali leaching concentration of mechanical activated tailings was increased by 26.03% and 93.33%, respectively. The concentration of Si and Al was increased by 54.19% and 119.92%, respectively. For alkaline roasting activating, roasting time, temperature and (C/N ratio) were evaluated through the orthogonal test, and the best condition was activation for 120 min at 600℃ with C/N ratio is 5:1. In this study, the SEM, XRD and IR analysis show that mechanically activation, thermal activation and alkaline roasting activating can improve the cementitious activity index of copper mine tailings.
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