Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Principal Mismatch Patterns across a Simplified Highly Renewable European Electricity Network

Version 1 : Received: 19 September 2017 / Approved: 20 September 2017 / Online: 20 September 2017 (04:44:36 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Raunbak, M.; Zeyer, T.; Zhu, K.; Greiner, M. Principal Mismatch Patterns Across a Simplified Highly Renewable European Electricity Network. Energies 2017, 10, 1934. Raunbak, M.; Zeyer, T.; Zhu, K.; Greiner, M. Principal Mismatch Patterns Across a Simplified Highly Renewable European Electricity Network. Energies 2017, 10, 1934.

Journal reference: Energies 2017, 10, 1934
DOI: 10.3390/en10121934

Abstract

Due to its spatio-temporal variability, the mismatch between the weather and demand patterns challenges the design of highly renewable energy systems. A principal component analysis is applied to a simplified networked European electricity system with a high share of wind and solar power generation. It reveals a small number of important mismatch patterns, which explain most of the system's required backup and transmission infrastructure. Whereas the first principal component is already able to reproduce most of the temporal mismatch variability for a solar dominated system, a few more principal components are needed for a wind dominated system. Due to its monopole structure the first principal component causes most of the system's backup infrastructure. The next few principal components have a dipole structure and dominate the transmission infrastructure of the renewable electricity network.

Subject Areas

renewable energy networks; principal component analysis; large-scale integration of renewables; wind power; solar power; super grid; energy system design

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