Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of Supply and Demand to Enhance Educational Tourism Experience in The Smart Park of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 4 September 2017 / Approved: 6 September 2017 / Online: 6 September 2017 (11:58:11 CEST)

How to cite: Wijayanti, A.; Damanik, J.; Fandeli, C.; Sudharmadji, S.. Analysis of Supply and Demand to Enhance Educational Tourism Experience in The Smart Park of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Preprints 2017, 2017090019 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0019.v1). Wijayanti, A.; Damanik, J.; Fandeli, C.; Sudharmadji, S.. Analysis of Supply and Demand to Enhance Educational Tourism Experience in The Smart Park of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Preprints 2017, 2017090019 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0019.v1).

Abstract

The Smart Park (well-known as Taman Pintar) as a major educational tourism destination in Jogjakarta offers a variety of tourism attractions that are very interesting for tourists. The main purpose of tourists visiting Smart Park is to get an educational tourism experience. A subjective experience raises a specific challenge for Smart Park toward the status of competitive destination. The purpose of this study is to analyze the aspects of educational tourism experience that are affected by tourism demand and supply. Data were collected by survey technique to 150 respondents and analyzed using path analysis. The results of analysis show that tourism demand and supply contributed to the variation of tourism activities by 45.1%, while the remaining was explained by other variables, such as National Budget, Local Budget, ticket sale, and cooperation with some stakeholders. Tourism supply had a higher effect than tourism demand. Tourism demand did not partially affect tourism experience. However, the results of the path analysis indicate that tourism supply had direct and indirect effects on tourism experience through the variation of tourism activities with indirect effect being dominant. In the management of Smart Park, there is still a gap between tourism demand and supply, so that the environment of tourism experience has not been created maximally.

Subject Areas

Educational Tourism; Tourism Supply and Demand; Experience; Tourism Activities

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