Kamble, H.; Vadivelu, R.; Barton, M.; Boriachek, K.; Munaz, A.; Park, S.; Shiddiky, M.J.A.; Nguyen, N.-T. An Electromagnetically Actuated Double-Sided Cell-Stretching Device for Mechanobiology Research. Micromachines2017, 8, 256.
Kamble, H.; Vadivelu, R.; Barton, M.; Boriachek, K.; Munaz, A.; Park, S.; Shiddiky, M.J.A.; Nguyen, N.-T. An Electromagnetically Actuated Double-Sided Cell-Stretching Device for Mechanobiology Research. Micromachines 2017, 8, 256.
Cellular response to mechanical stimuli is an integral part of cell homeostasis. The interaction of the extracellular matrix with the mechanical stress plays an important role in cytoskeleton organisation and cell alignment. Insights from the response can be utilised to develop cell culture methods that achieve predefined cell patterns, which are critical for tissue remodelling and cell therapy. We report the working principle, design, simulation and characterisation of a novel electromagnetic cell stretching platform based on the double-sided axial stretching approach. The device is capable of introducing a cyclic and static strain pattern on a cell culture. The platform was tested with fibroblasts. The experimental results are consistent with the previously reported cytoskeleton reorganisation and cell reorientation induced by strain. The orientation of the cells is highly influenced by external mechanical cues. Cells reorganise their cytoskeleton to avoid external strain and to maintain intact extracellular matrix arrangements.
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