Preprint Article Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation

Version 1 : Received: 8 June 2017 / Approved: 9 June 2017 / Online: 9 June 2017 (11:19:25 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 8 August 2017 / Approved: 8 August 2017 / Online: 8 August 2017 (12:29:26 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 8 September 2017 / Approved: 10 September 2017 / Online: 10 September 2017 (07:50:15 CEST)

How to cite: Beach, R. Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation. Preprints 2017, 2017060047. Beach, R. Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation. Preprints 2017, 2017060047.


Using four field equations, a recently proposed theory that covers the phenomenology of classical physics at the level of the Maxwell and Einstein Field Equations (M&EFEs) but then goes further by unifying electromagnetic and gravitational phenomena in a fundamentally new way is reviewed. Predictions of the field equations are shown to be consistent with those of the M&EFEs through specific solutions; a particle-like solution representing a point charge, and two radiative solutions representing electromagnetic and gravitational waves. A unique feature of the full set of field equations is that charge and mass are treated as dynamic fields instead of being introduced as external parameters as is done with the classical M&EFEs, a feature that enables a procedure for quantizing the mass, charge and angular momentum of particle-like solutions. Finally, antimatter is naturally accommodated by the theory and definite predictions regarding the interactions of matter and antimatter with gravitational fields are made.


unified field theory; electromagnetism; Maxwell’s equations; gravitation; general relativity; general relativity; Einstein’s field equations; gravitational radiation; hidden variable; dark matter; cosmological constant


Physical Sciences, Particle and Field Physics

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.