Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation

Version 1 : Received: 8 June 2017 / Approved: 9 June 2017 / Online: 9 June 2017 (11:19:25 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 8 August 2017 / Approved: 8 August 2017 / Online: 8 August 2017 (12:29:26 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 8 September 2017 / Approved: 10 September 2017 / Online: 10 September 2017 (07:50:15 CEST)

How to cite: Beach, R.J. Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation. Preprints 2017, 2017060047. Beach, R.J. Unification of Electromagnetism and Gravitation. Preprints 2017, 2017060047.


Using four field equations, a recently proposed classical field theory that covers the phenomenology of classical physics at the level of the Maxwell and Einstein Field Equations (M&EFEs) but then goes further by unifying electromagnetic and gravitational phenomena in a fundamentally new way is reviewed. The four fundamental equations are shown to determine the dynamic fields of the theory in a manner that is logically consistent with the requirements of general covariance. Developing particle-like soliton solutions and then radiative solutions for electromagnetic and gravitational waves, the predictions of the theory are shown to be consistent with those of the M&EFEs. The same solutions are then used to illustrate the unification that the theory brings electromagnetic and gravitational phenomena by, for example, uniting electromagnetic radiation with a specific class of underlying gravitational radiation. A description is given for quantizing the mass, charge and angular momentum of particle-like soliton solutions, a situation that is uniquely possible with the new theory because the mass density and charge density are treated as dynamic fields and not introduced as external parameters. A cosmological solution corresponding to a homogeneous and isotropic universe is investigated. Finally, a description of antimatter is naturally accommodated by the theory and leads to definite predictions regarding the interactions of matter and antimatter with gravitational fields.


gravitation, general relativity, electromagnetism, unified field theory


Physical Sciences, Particle and Field Physics

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.