Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Parameter Sensitivity and Uncertainty on Projected Runoff in the Upper Niger Basin under a Changing Climate

Version 1 : Received: 2 June 2017 / Approved: 5 June 2017 / Online: 5 June 2017 (03:40:23 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Oyerinde, G.T.; Diekkrüger, B. Influence of Parameter Sensitivity and Uncertainty on Projected Runoff in the Upper Niger Basin under a Changing Climate. Climate 2017, 5, 67. Oyerinde, G.T.; Diekkrüger, B. Influence of Parameter Sensitivity and Uncertainty on Projected Runoff in the Upper Niger Basin under a Changing Climate. Climate 2017, 5, 67.

Journal reference: Climate 2017, 5, 67
DOI: 10.3390/cli5030067

Abstract

Hydro-climatic projections in West Africa are attributed with high uncertainties that are difficult to quantify. This study assesses the influence of the parameter sensitivities and uncertainties of three rainfall runoff models on simulated discharge in current and future times using meteorological data from 8 Global Climate Models. The IHACRES Catchment Moisture Deficit (IHACRES-CMD) model, the GR4J and the Sacramento model were chosen for this study. During model evaluation, 10,000 parameter sets have been generated for each model and used in a sensitivity and uncertainty analysis using the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) method. Out of the three models, IHACRES-CMD recorded the highest Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) of 0.92 and 0.86 for the calibration (1997-2003) and the validation (2004-2010) period respectively. The Sacramento model was able to adequately predict low flow patterns on the catchment while the GR4J and IHACRES-CMD over and under estimate low flow respectively. The use of multiple hydrological models to reduce uncertainties caused by model approaches is recommended along with other methods of sustainable river basin managements.

Subject Areas

climate change; hydrology; rainfall-runoff models; model uncertainty

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