Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Deadwood Density and Moisture Variation in a Natural Temperate Spruce-Fir-Beech Forest

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2017 / Approved: 30 May 2017 / Online: 30 May 2017 (09:04:25 CEST)

How to cite: Přívětivý, T.; Baldrian, P.; Šamonil, P.; Vrška, T. Deadwood Density and Moisture Variation in a Natural Temperate Spruce-Fir-Beech Forest. Preprints 2017, 2017050215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0215.v1). Přívětivý, T.; Baldrian, P.; Šamonil, P.; Vrška, T. Deadwood Density and Moisture Variation in a Natural Temperate Spruce-Fir-Beech Forest. Preprints 2017, 2017050215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0215.v1).

Abstract

Deadwood represents a source of nutrients, carbon and water for metabolism within forest ecosystem. Nutrients are mobilized due to the decomposition of wood, which is a long-term process that can be best studied by analysing environmental data on a temporary scale. Our study provides physico-temporal data on the downed logs of three major tree species in European temperate forests: Abies alba Mill., Fagus sylvatica L. and Picea abies (L.) Karst. Time since death was obtained using tree censuses (repeated for 40 years) and dendrochronology for each single downed log, the oldest being 75 years old. Standard laboratory methods were used for the determination of wood density and moisture changes. F. sylvatica was decomposed rapidly in the initial phase – mass loss was 50% during the 5 years after death, while A. alba and P. abies lost 13% and 16%, respectively. Downed logs of F. sylvatica contained 391 kg of water per m3, while these of P. abies 279 kg. A log-transformed linear model was created that shows the dependence of time since death on mass loss. According to the model, F. sylvatica had the shortest total decomposition time (39 years), followed by A. alba (58 years) and P. abies (86 years).

Subject Areas

downed deadwood; decay stage; decomposition; wood density; wood moisture

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