Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Essential Oils from Pittosporum tobira Flowers Display Antiproliferative Properties and Inducing Apoptosis on Lung Carcinoma Cells

Version 1 : Received: 17 May 2017 / Approved: 17 May 2017 / Online: 17 May 2017 (13:08:12 CEST)

How to cite: Sun, Y.; Wink, M.; Wang, Z.; Lu, H.; Xia, P.; Liu, H.; Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Liang, Z. The Essential Oils from Pittosporum tobira Flowers Display Antiproliferative Properties and Inducing Apoptosis on Lung Carcinoma Cells. Preprints 2017, 2017050132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0132.v1). Sun, Y.; Wink, M.; Wang, Z.; Lu, H.; Xia, P.; Liu, H.; Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Liang, Z. The Essential Oils from Pittosporum tobira Flowers Display Antiproliferative Properties and Inducing Apoptosis on Lung Carcinoma Cells. Preprints 2017, 2017050132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0132.v1).

Abstract

Background: Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) Aiton is an aromatic medicinal plant widely cultivated in the world. However, the essential oils (EOs) from P. tobira flowers for anti-cancer potential is still not systematically studied. The present aim to elucidate the phytochemical composition of the EOs and to explore mechanism of anticancer action. Methods: The EOs were extracted and analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Volatile components were identified according to Kovats retention index (KI) and NIST database. The anti-neoplasm mechanisms of the EOs was comprehensively investigated in lung carcinoma A549 and H460 cells. Results: A total of 47 secondary metabolites representing 94.18% of the EOs were successfully identified: monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes were the dominant terpenoids. The EOs exhibited antiproliferative activity on A549 and H460 lung carcinoma cells. Hoechst 33324 fluorescent staining indicated the typical characteristics of apoptosis and induced cycle phase arrest. AnnexinV/PI staining revealed that the number of apoptotic cells was increased. Furthermore, the EOs also induced the caspase-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Conclusions: Findings suggest that the full-scale chemical composition and first characterization of anticancer activities of the EOs, it could be used for integrative natural anti-cancer agents in health care should be pay more attention.

Subject Areas

Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) Aiton; Essential oils (EOs); Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME); Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS); Anticancer activity

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