Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Temperature and Precipitation Trend Analysis over the Last 30 Years in Southern Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia

Version 1 : Received: 3 February 2017 / Approved: 5 February 2017 / Online: 5 February 2017 (08:56:29 CET)

How to cite: Hayelom, B.; Chen, Y.; Marsie, Z.; Negash, M. Temperature and Precipitation Trend Analysis over the Last 30 Years in Southern Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. Preprints 2017, 2017020014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201702.0014.v1). Hayelom, B.; Chen, Y.; Marsie, Z.; Negash, M. Temperature and Precipitation Trend Analysis over the Last 30 Years in Southern Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. Preprints 2017, 2017020014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201702.0014.v1).

Abstract

Long term Precipitation and temperature variations are one of the main determinants of climate variability of one’s area. The aim of this study is to determine trends variation in climatic elements of temperature and precipitation in the southern zone of Tigray regional state, Ethiopia. The station is assumed for the study of climatic records over southern zone of the region in detection for probable trends. The daily, monthly and annual precipitation totals and temperature observed at korem meteorological station were used for the period of 1981-2010 for Precipitation and 1985 – 2010 for minimum and maximum temperature. Summary of descriptive statistics and Mann Kendall test methods were employed for the observed data analysis to demonstrate any existence of possible trends. The main findings of the study indicated that the mean and maximum temperature had a general increasing trend; however, minimum temperature showed decreasing trend. In general annual temperature from 1985 – 2010 of the area showed a warming trend. Moreover analysis of the 30 years (1981-2010) annual precipitation showed a coefficient of variation ranging from 33.77 – 233 %. It indicated that the precipitation dissemination is not normal with large year to year variances.

Subject Areas

temperature; precipitation; ethiopia; mann kendall; climate variability

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