Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

The Precipitation Variations in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau during 1961-2015

Version 1 : Received: 29 January 2017 / Approved: 29 January 2017 / Online: 29 January 2017 (09:43:00 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Wan, G.; Yang, M.; Liu, Z.; Wang, X.; Liang, X. The Precipitation Variations in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau during 1961–2015. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 80. Wan, G.; Yang, M.; Liu, Z.; Wang, X.; Liang, X. The Precipitation Variations in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau during 1961–2015. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 80.

Journal reference: Atmosphere 2017, 8, 80
DOI: 10.3390/atmos8050080

Abstract

The Tibetan Plateau(TP) is known as ‘the water tower of Asian’, its precipitation variation play an important role in the eco-hydrological processes and water resources regimes. based on the monthly mean precipitation data of 65 meteorological stations over the Tibetan Plateau and the surrounding areas from 1961-2015,variations, trends and temporal-spatial distribution were analyzed, furthermore, the possible reasons were also discussed preliminarily. The main results are summarized as follows: the annual mean precipitation in the TP is 465.54mm during 1961-2015, among four seasons, the precipitation in summer accounts for 60.1% of the annual precipitation, the precipitation in summer half year (May.- Oct.) accounts for 91.0% while that in winter half year (Nov.- Apr.) only accounts for 9.0%; During 1961-2015, the annual precipitation variability is 0.45mm/a and the seasonal precipitation variability is 0.31mm/a, 0.13mm/a, -0.04mm/a and 0.04mm/a in spring, summer, autumn and winter respectively on the TP; The spatial distribution of precipitation can be summarized as decreasing from southeast to northwest in the TP, the trend of precipitation is decreasing with the increase of altitude, but the correlation is not significant. The rising of air temperature and land cover changes may cause the precipitation by changing the hydrologic cycle and energy budget, furthermore, different pattern of atmospheric circulation can also influence on precipitation variability in different regions.

Subject Areas

Precipitation; Tibetan Plateau; trends; temporal-spatial distribution; hydrological cycle;

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