Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

In Vitro and in Vivo Antiplasmodial Activity of Extracts from Polyalthia suaveolens, Uvaria angolensis and Monodora tenuifolia (Annonaceae)

Version 1 : Received: 7 December 2016 / Approved: 8 December 2016 / Online: 8 December 2016 (08:59:49 CET)

How to cite: Mfopa, A.N.; Tchokouaha, L.R.Y.; Mbouna, C.D.; Tchuente, M.A.T.; Kouipou, R.M.T.; Fokou, P.V.T.; Kemgne, E.A.M.; Kamkumo, R.G.; Boyom, F.F. In Vitro and in Vivo Antiplasmodial Activity of Extracts from Polyalthia suaveolens, Uvaria angolensis and Monodora tenuifolia (Annonaceae). Preprints 2016, 2016120044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0044.v1). Mfopa, A.N.; Tchokouaha, L.R.Y.; Mbouna, C.D.; Tchuente, M.A.T.; Kouipou, R.M.T.; Fokou, P.V.T.; Kemgne, E.A.M.; Kamkumo, R.G.; Boyom, F.F. In Vitro and in Vivo Antiplasmodial Activity of Extracts from Polyalthia suaveolens, Uvaria angolensis and Monodora tenuifolia (Annonaceae). Preprints 2016, 2016120044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0044.v1).

Abstract

The present study aimed at investigating the in vitro and in vivo susceptibility of malaria parasites to crude extracts and fractions from Polyalthia suaveolens, Uvaria angolensis, and Monodora tenuifolia. The ethanolic extracts were prepared by maceration, and were further partitioned using water, dichloromethane, hexane, and methanol. The most promising fraction was subjected to column chromatography and the sub-fractions tested for activity in vitro. The antiplasmodial effect of extracts and fractions was tested against the Chloroquine resistant (PfK1) strain in 96 wells microtiter plate format using SYBR green florescence assay. The promising fraction was further assessed for cytotoxicity and acute toxicity in Swiss albino mice and subsequently against the rodent malaria parasite, P. berghei. Qualitative phytochemical screening was also performed on the promising fraction. The methanol fractions exerted the overall better effect with that of the twigs of P. suaveolens (PStw(Ace)) showing the highest potency with a IC50 value of 3.24 µg/mL followed by the fractions of leaf of M. tenuifolia (MoTel(Ace), IC50= 3.84 µg/ml) and stem bark of P. suaveolens (IC50= 4.90 µg/ml). The phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, lactones, and phenols in the more active fraction of P. suaveolens (PStw(Ace)). The chromatographic fractionation of this fraction led to 12 sub-fractions with PS8 sub-fraction being the most active (IC50= 4.42 µg/mL). In vivo, oral administration of 2000 mg/kg b.w of fraction PStw(Ace) in mice showed no signs of toxicity. Also, fraction PStw(Ace) at 400 mg/kg b.w exerted the highest suppressive effect against P. berghei strain B throughout the 4 days experiment (% parasitaemia below 5.2%). Overall, the results achieved supported the use of the three plants in the traditional treatment of malaria in Cameroon. More interestingly, the methanolic fraction of the twigs extract from P. suaveolens might be of interest in future development of an antimalarial phytodrug.

Subject Areas

Polyalthia suaveolens; Uvaria angolensis; Monodora tenuifolia; Plasmodium falciparum K1; toxicity; antimalarial

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