ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0324.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Immunology And Microbiology Keywords: T cytotoxic cells; Leukocyte-associated Immunoglobulin-like Receptor-1; LAIR-1; Hepatitis C virus genotype 4; HCV G4; hepatocellular carcinoma; cirrhosis; immune inhibitory checkpoints; inflammation; prognosis; insulin resistance
Online: 17 August 2022 (11:38:10 CEST)
Background and Aim. Since virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pathogenesis involves liver inflammation, therefore, post-hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection would be a cause for liver cirrhosis that would progress to HCC. Cytotoxic T cells (Tc) are known to be involved in post-HCV complications and HCC pathogenesis. The inhibitory checkpoint Leukocyte-Associated Immunoglobulin-like Receptor-1 (LAIR-1) is expressed on Tc. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether the Tc expression level of LAIR-1 is associated with HCC progression post-HCV and moreover, to evaluate LAIR-1 expression as a non-invasive biomarker for HCC progression in the context of liver cirrhosis post-HCV genotype 4 (G4) in Egyptian patients’ peripheral venous blood liquid biopsy. We studied LAIR-1 expression on Tc related to the progression of liver cirrhosis in a case-controlled study enrolled 64 patients with post-HCV G4-HCC and 37 patients with post-HCV G4-liver cirrhosis. Methods: LAIR-1 expression was analyzed by flow cytometry. Results: LAIR-1 expression on Tc and the percentage of Tc positive for LAIR-1 (LAIR-1+Tc %) were significantly higher in the post-HCV G4-HCC group compared to the post-HCV G4-liver cirrhosis
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202211.0462.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Oncology And Oncogenics Keywords: HCC; hsa-miR-21-5p; hsa-miR-155-5p; hsa-miR-192-5p; hsa-miR-199a-5p; liver cirrhosis; HCV; AFP-negative HCC
Online: 25 November 2022 (02:26:16 CET)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) early diagnosis is challenging. Moreover, for patients with al-pha-fetoprotein (AFP)-negative HCC, this challenge is augmented. MicroRNAs (miRs) profile may serve as potential HCC molecular markers. We aimed to assess plasma homo sabines (hsa)-miR-21-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, hsa-miR-192-5p, hsa-miR-199a-5p expression levels, as panel of biomarkers for HCC in chronic hepatitis C virus (CHCV) patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), es-pecially AFP-negative HCC cases, a step toward non-protein coding (nc) RNA precision medicine. Subjects and Methods: 79 patients enrolled with CHCV infection with LC, subclassified into LC group without HCC (n=40) and LC with HCC (n=39) in comparison with 15 apparently healthy control subjects. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to measure plasma hsa-miR-21-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, hsa-miR-192-5p, and hsa-miR-199a-5p. Results: Plasma hsa-miR-21-5p and hsa-miR-155-5p demonstrated significant upregulation, while hsa-miR-199a-5p demonstrated significant downregulation in the HCC group (n=39) when compared to LC group (n=40). Hsa-miR-21-5p expression was positively correlated with serum AFP, insulin, and insulin re-sistance (r=0.5, p<0.001, r=0.334, p=0.01, and r=0.303, p=0.02, respectively). According to the ROC curves, for differentiating HCC from LC, combining AFP with each of hsa-miR-21-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, and miR199a-5p improved the diagnostic sensitivity to 87%, 82%, and 84%, re-spectively, vs 69% for AFP alone, with an acceptable specificity of 77.5%, 77.5%, and 80%, respec-tively, and AUC= 0.89, 0.85, and 0.90, respectively vs. 0.85 for AFP alone. Hsa-miR-21-5p/hsa-miR-199a-5p and hsa-miR-155-5p/hsa-miR-199a-5p ratios discriminated HCC from LC at AUC=0.76 and 0.71, respectively, with sensitivities=94% and 92%, and specifici-ties=48% and 53%, respectively. Upregulation of plasma hsa-miR-21-5p was considered as an independent risk factor for HCC development [OR=1.198(1.063–1.329), p=0.002]. Conclusion: Combining each of hsa-miR-21-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, and hsa-miR-199a-5p with AFP made possi-ble to identify HCC development in LC patients’ cohort with higher sensitivity than using AFP alone. Hsa-miR-21-5p/hsa-miR-199a-5p and hsa-miR-155-5p/hsa-miR-199a-5p ratios are poten-tial HCC molecular markers for AFP-negative HCC patients. Hsa-miR-21-5p was linked to insu-lin metabolism in HCC patients’ group as well as being an upregulated independent risk factor for the emergence of HCC from LC in CHCV patients.