HYPOTHESIS | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1540.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biology And Biotechnology Keywords: preconcentration; loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP); Urine; microbial adhesion; hydrophobic; paper-based analytical devices (μPADs); cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH); UTI
Online: 22 September 2023 (08:46:17 CEST)
This hypothesis demonstrates that the efficiency of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) for nucleic acid detection can be positively influenced by preconcentration of microbial cells onto hydrophobic paper surfaces. The mechanism of this model is based on the high attraction of microbes towards hydrophobic surfaces. Extensive studies have demonstrated that hydrophobic surfaces exhibit enhanced bacterial and fungal adhesion. The preconcentration approach by exploiting this inherent affinity of hydrophobic paper substrates enables the adherence of a greater number of target cells, resulting in a higher concentration of target templates for amplification directly from urine samples. In contrast to conventional methods, which often involve complex procedures, this approach offers a simpler, cost-effective, and user-friendly alternative. Moreover, the integration of cell adhesion, LAMP amplification, and signal readout within paper origami-based devices can provide a portable, robust, and highly efficient platform for rapid nucleic acid detection. This innovative hypothesis holds significant potential for point-of-care (POC) diagnostics and field surveillance applications. Further research and development in this field will advance the implementation of this technology, contributing to improved healthcare systems and public health outcomes.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202211.0300.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Anatomy And Physiology Keywords: adipose tissue; adipogenesis; G-protein-coupled receptors; thermogenesis; obesity; metabolic syndrome
Online: 16 November 2022 (08:52:57 CET)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are expressed essentially on all cells, facilitating cellular responses to external stimuli, and are involved in nearly every biological process. Several members of this family play significant roles in the regulation of adipogenesis and adipose me-tabolism. However, the expression and functional significance of a vast number of GPCRs in adipose tissue are unknown. We used a high-throughput RT-PCR panel to determine the expres-sion of the entire repertoire of non-sensory GPCRs in mouse white, and brown adipose tissue and assess changes in their expression during adipogenic differentiation of murine adipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1. In addition, the expression of GPCRs in subcutaneous adipose tissues from lean, obese, and diabetic human subjects was evaluated by re-analyzing RNA-sequencing data. We detected a total of 292 and 271 GPCRs in mouse white and brown adipose tissue, respectively. There is a significant overlap in the expression of GPCRs between the two adipose tissue depots but several GPCRs are specifically expressed in one of the two tissue types. Adipogenic differ-entiation of 3T3-L1 cells had a profound impact on the expression of several GPCRs. RNA se-quencing of subcutaneous adipose from healthy human subjects detected 255 GPCRs and obesity significantly changed the expression of several GPCRs in adipose tissue. Finally, we report sev-eral highly expressed GPCRs with no known role in adipose biology whose expression was sig-nificantly altered during adipogenic differentiation and/or in the diseased human subjects. These GPCRs could play an important role in adipose metabolism and serve as a valuable translational resource for obesity and metabolic research.