REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202201.0050.v1
Subject: Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Keywords: turbulence; flow control; simulation; aerodynamics; machine learning; deep reinforcement learning
Online: 6 January 2022 (09:36:50 CET)
In this review we summarize existing trends of flow control used to improve the aerodynamic efficiency of wings. We first discuss active methods to control turbulence, starting with flat-plate geometries and building towards the more complicated flow around wings. Then, we discuss active approaches to control separation, a crucial aspect towards achieving high aerodynamic efficiency. Furthermore, we highlight methods relying on turbulence simulation, and discuss various levels of modelling. Finally, we thoroughly revise data-driven methods, their application to flow control, and focus on deep reinforcement learning (DRL). We conclude that this methodology has the potential to discover novel control strategies in complex turbulent flows of aerodynamic relevance.