Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Cyanide Molecular Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy with Current Databases

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2023 / Approved: 27 February 2023 / Online: 27 February 2023 (02:28:52 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Parigger, C.G. Cyanide Molecular Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy with Current Databases. Atoms 2023, 11, 62. Parigger, C.G. Cyanide Molecular Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy with Current Databases. Atoms 2023, 11, 62.


This work discusses diatomic molecular spectroscopy of laser-induced plasma and analysis of data records, specifically signatures of cyanide, CN. Line strength data from various databases are compared for simulation of the CN, B2Σ+⟶X2Σ+, Δv=0 sequence. Of interest are recent predictions using an astrophysical database, i.e., ExoMol, a laser-induced fluorescence database, i.e., LIFBASE, and a program for simulating rotational, vibrational and electronic spectra, i.e., PGOPHER. Cyanide spectra that are predicted from these databases are compared with line strength data that are in use by the author for the last three decades in the analysis of laser-plasma emission spectra. Comparisons with experimental laser-plasma records are communicated as well, and for spectral resolutions of 33 and 110 picometer. The accuracy of the CN line strength data is better than one picometer. Laboratory experiments utilize 308-nm, 35-picosecond bursts within an overall 1-nanosecond pulse-width, and 1064-nm, 6-ns pulse-width radiation. Experimental results are compared with predictions. Differences of the databases are elaborated for equilibrium of rotational and vibrational modes and at an internal, molecular temperature of the order of 8,000 Kelvin. Applications of accurate CN data include for example combustion diagnosis, chemistry, and supersonic and hypersonic expansion diagnosis. The cyanide molecule is also of interest in the study of astrophysical phenomena.


diatomic molecules; cyanide; laser-plasma; data analysis; laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; combustion; time-resolved spectroscopy; spectra fitting program; astrophysics


Physical Sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics

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