Preprint Article Version 5 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

New Concepts of Time and Matter Supported by Fifteen Proofs

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How to cite: Niemz, M. H.; Stein, S. W. New Concepts of Time and Matter Supported by Fifteen Proofs. Preprints 2022, 2022070399. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202207.0399.v5 Niemz, M. H.; Stein, S. W. New Concepts of Time and Matter Supported by Fifteen Proofs. Preprints 2022, 2022070399. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202207.0399.v5

Abstract

We introduce two symmetric concepts to physics: “distance” (space and time in one) and “wavematter” (electromagnetic wave packet and matter in one). We claim that physics has chosen the wrong concept of time: It is not aware that the time of a moving object flows in a direction other than my time. We provide 15 proofs for our claim by solving 15 mysteries of physics. For example, we prove that length contraction and time dilation are geometrical effects in a 4D manifold that we call “Euclidean spacetime”. We prove that the discrepancy in calculating the Hubble constant stems from a systematic error in the redshift measurement. We prove that what I deem wave, deems itself matter, which solves wave–particle duality. We even untangle quantum entanglement without the issue of non-locality. We claim that a huge amount of energy was injected into Euclidean spacetime at a point that we take as origin. Ever since has this energy been moving radially away at the speed of light. We live in the 3D hypersurface of an expanding 4D hypersphere. Hyperspherical coordinates have the advantage that they reduce all that is ever happening to just one formula. So, it is the Theory of Everything in these coordinates: “Energy is covering radial distance which, divided by Euclidean time, is equal to the speed of light.” Acceleration and force emerge from a conversion to Cartesian coordinates and are thus pure math. Matching the symmetry simplifies physics!

Keywords

theory of everything; relativity; spacetime; cosmology; background radiation; Hubble’s law; Hubble constant; dark energy; wave–particle duality; quantum entanglement

Subject

Physical Sciences, Quantum Science and Technology

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 4 August 2022
Commenter: Markolf Niemz
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: We wish to emphasize that our changes in the versions 2-5 do not touch the physics of our theory. With these changes, we make our statements clearer and we avoid ambiguities.

Lines 34-40 (of version 5): We improved these sentences.
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