Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Monkeypox and its Possible Sexual Transmission: Where are we now with its evidence?

Version 1 : Received: 19 July 2022 / Approved: 21 July 2022 / Online: 21 July 2022 (08:08:40 CEST)

How to cite: Sah, R.; Abdelaal, A.; Reda, A.; Katamesh, B.E.; Manirambona, E.; Abdelmonem, H.; Mehta, R.; Rabaan, A.A.; Alhumaid, S.; Alfouzan, W.; Alomar, A.I.; Khamis, F.; Alofi, F.S.; Aljohani, M.H.; Alfaraj, A.H.; Alfaresi, M.; Al-Jishi, J.M.; Al-Salman, J.; Alynbiawi, A.; Almogbel, M.S.; Rodriguez-Morales, A.J. Monkeypox and its Possible Sexual Transmission: Where are we now with its evidence?. Preprints 2022, 2022070314 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0314.v1). Sah, R.; Abdelaal, A.; Reda, A.; Katamesh, B.E.; Manirambona, E.; Abdelmonem, H.; Mehta, R.; Rabaan, A.A.; Alhumaid, S.; Alfouzan, W.; Alomar, A.I.; Khamis, F.; Alofi, F.S.; Aljohani, M.H.; Alfaraj, A.H.; Alfaresi, M.; Al-Jishi, J.M.; Al-Salman, J.; Alynbiawi, A.; Almogbel, M.S.; Rodriguez-Morales, A.J. Monkeypox and its Possible Sexual Transmission: Where are we now with its evidence?. Preprints 2022, 2022070314 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0314.v1).

Abstract

Monkeypox is a rare disease which is rising nowadays in different countries since the first case in the UK was diagnosed on May 6, 2022, by the United Kingdom (UK) Health Security Agency. Then more than 12,500 cases were identified in over 68 countries up to July 18, 2022. In endemic areas, the monkeypox virus (MPXV) is commonly transmitted through zoonosis, while in non-endemic regions, it is spread through human-to-human transmission. Symptoms can include flu-like symptoms, rash, or sores in hands, feet, genitalia, or anus. In addition, people who did not take the smallpox vaccine were more liable to be affected than others. The exact pathogenesis and mechanisms are still unclear; however, most identified cases are reported in men who have sex with other men (MSM). According to the CDC, transmission can happen with any sexual or non-sexual contact with the infected person. However, a recent pooled meta-analysis reported that sexual contact is involved in more than 91% of the cases. Also, it is the first time that semen analysis for many patients has shown positive monkeypox virus DNA. Therefore, in this review, we will describe transmission methods for MPXV while focusing mainly on potential sexual transmission and associated sexually transmitted infections. We will also highlight the preventive measures that can limit the spread of the diseases in this regard.

Keywords

sexual transmission; monkeypox; emerging; global; epidemic

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Virology

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