Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

In-vitro Study of Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Essential Oil

Version 1 : Received: 13 July 2022 / Approved: 14 July 2022 / Online: 14 July 2022 (11:32:37 CEST)

How to cite: Nasrollahi, I.; Talebi, E.; Bashardoost, Z. In-vitro Study of Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Essential Oil. Preprints 2022, 2022070214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0214.v1). Nasrollahi, I.; Talebi, E.; Bashardoost, Z. In-vitro Study of Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Essential Oil. Preprints 2022, 2022070214 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202207.0214.v1).

Abstract

Background: The use of medicinal plants and their effective compounds as natural sources that have antioxidant properties, has been considered by researchers. Antioxidants are compounds that effectively inhibit the reaction of oxygen and nitrogen-free radicals with biomolecules in a variety of ways, reducing damage or preventing cell death, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. Objective: In this study, chemical compounds of Adiantum capillus-veneris essential oil were used to evaluate its antioxidant and antimicrobial activity using water distillation and gas chromatography. Methods: The whole plant was dried at room temperature at 25 ° C and the distillation method with water with modifications was used using a Clevenger device for essential oil extraction. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to identify the resulting essential oil compounds and the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of the essential oil was evaluated. Results: The most important chemical constituents of Adiantum capillus-veneris essential oil were carvone (33.00%), carvacrol (15.05%), hexadecanoic acid (7.02%), hexahydrofarnesyl acetone (4.25%) and n-nonanal (4.2%). The antibacterial activity of Adiantum capillus-veneris essential oils (mg/ml) was calculated and the highest antibacterial activity was determined by Staphylococcus aureus (8.23±1.07), Streptococcus pyogenes (12.46±1.62), and Diphtheroid (11.37±1.36) at a concentration of 100 mg/ml of essential oils. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the essential oil of Adiantum capillus-veneris prevented the growth of three pathogenic bacteria. This antibacterial property is due to the presence of flavonoid compounds in Adiantum capillus-veneris has the capacity for therapeutic and medical uses.

Keywords

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.; Chemical compounds; Antioxidant; Antimicrobial; Essential oil; DPPH

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacology & Toxicology

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