Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Increased LRG1 Levels in Overweight and Obese Adolescents and Its Association with Obesity Markers including Leptin, Chemerin and High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein

Version 1 : Received: 30 June 2022 / Approved: 6 July 2022 / Online: 6 July 2022 (03:25:10 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alhammad, R.; Abu-Farha, M.; Hammad, M.M.; Thanaraj, T.A.; Channanath, A.; Alam-Eldin, N.; Al-Sabah, R.; Shaban, L.; Alduraywish, A.; Al-Mulla, F.; Rahman, A.; Abubaker, J. Increased LRG1 Levels in Overweight and Obese Adolescents and Its Association with Obesity Markers, including Leptin, Chemerin, and High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 8564. Alhammad, R.; Abu-Farha, M.; Hammad, M.M.; Thanaraj, T.A.; Channanath, A.; Alam-Eldin, N.; Al-Sabah, R.; Shaban, L.; Alduraywish, A.; Al-Mulla, F.; Rahman, A.; Abubaker, J. Increased LRG1 Levels in Overweight and Obese Adolescents and Its Association with Obesity Markers, including Leptin, Chemerin, and High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 8564.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 8564
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23158564

Abstract

Leucine-rich α-2 glycoprotein1 (LRG1) is a member of the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) family that was implicated in multiple diseases including cancer, aging and heart failure as well as diabetes and obesity. LRG1 plays a key role in diet-induced hepatosteatosis and insulin resistance by mediating the crosstalk between adipocytes and hepatocytes. LRG1 also promotes hepatosteatosis by upregulating de novo lipogenesis in the liver and suppressing fatty acid β oxidation. In this study, we investigated the association of LRG1 with obesity markers including leptin and other adipokines in adolescents (11-14 years; n=425). BMI-for-age classification based on WHO growth charts was used to define obesity. Plasma LRG1 was measured by ELISA while other markers were measured by multiplexing assay. Median (IQR) of LRG1 levels was higher in obese [30 (25, 38) µg/mL] and overweight [30 (24, 39) µg/mL] adolescents, compared to normal-weight participants [27 (22, 35) µg/mL]. The highest tertile of LRG1 had an OR [95%CI] of 2.55 [1.44, 4.53] for obesity. LRG1 was positively correlated to plasma levels of HsCRP (R=0.2), Leptin (R=0.2) and Chemerin (R=0.24) with p<0.001. Additionally, it was positively associated with plasma level of IL6 (R=0.17) and IL10 (R=0.14) but not TNF-α. In conclusion, LRG1 levels are increased in obese kids and associate with increased levels of adipogenic markers. These results suggest the usefulness of LRG1 as an early biomarker for obesity and its related pathologies in adolescents.

Keywords

adolescents; high sensitivity C-reactive protein; Interleukin 6; Leucine-rich α-2 glycoprotein 1; obesity; TNF-α

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Endocrinology & Metabolomics

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