Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Rosmarinic Acid Multifunctional Sunscreen: Comet Assay and in Vivo Establishment of Cutaneous Attributes

Version 1 : Received: 21 June 2022 / Approved: 27 June 2022 / Online: 27 June 2022 (13:22:01 CEST)

How to cite: Cândido, T.M.; Ariede, M.B.; Pinto, C.A.S.D.O.; Magalhães, W.V.; Pedro, N.M.E.; Padovani, G.; Sufi, B.D.S.; Velasco, M.V.R.; Rosado, C.; Baby, A.R. Rosmarinic Acid Multifunctional Sunscreen: Comet Assay and in Vivo Establishment of Cutaneous Attributes. Preprints 2022, 2022060367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202206.0367.v1). Cândido, T.M.; Ariede, M.B.; Pinto, C.A.S.D.O.; Magalhães, W.V.; Pedro, N.M.E.; Padovani, G.; Sufi, B.D.S.; Velasco, M.V.R.; Rosado, C.; Baby, A.R. Rosmarinic Acid Multifunctional Sunscreen: Comet Assay and in Vivo Establishment of Cutaneous Attributes. Preprints 2022, 2022060367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202206.0367.v1).

Abstract

The skin acts as a protective barrier, guarding the body against microorganisms, chemicals, and several environmental factors. Accordingly, this all-important organ must be kept healthy to maintain its optimal functionality. One approach to maintain skin health is the application of multifunction bioactive sunscreens containing antioxidant molecule(s). Rosmarinic acid (RA), a phenolic compound, is known for its antioxidant activity. Herein, the safety and efficacy of a multifunction prototype sunscreen were investigated, aiming to probe putative synergies of this polyphenol with two known and widely used UV filters (bemotrizinol and octyl p-methoxycinnamate). Samples protected the DNA fragmentation compared to UV control, by the comet assay, and showed good skin compatibility in subjects. Formulations F1 and F3 were able to increase skin hydration, and, possibly, the RA interfered with this attribute. An increase in transepidermal water loss was observed for formulations F1, F2 and F4, which may be related to vehicle containing or not the RA. No decreases were observed in the inflammatory reaction caused by the ethyl nicotinate with any of the evaluated formulations. As a perspective, we suggest trials with a greater number of subjects or protocol modifications. Altering the vehicle qualitative and quantitative composition is also a pertinent perspective.

Keywords

rosmarinic acid; anti-inflammatory activity; comet assay; sunscreen; skin biocompatibility

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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