Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Revealing the Complete Chloroplast Genome of an Andean Horticultural Crop, Sweet Cucumber (Solanum muricatum), and Its Comparative Analysis with Other Solanaceae Species

Version 1 : Received: 12 April 2022 / Approved: 17 May 2022 / Online: 17 May 2022 (08:38:03 CEST)

How to cite: Saldaña, C.L.; Chávez-Galarza, J.C.; De la Cruz, G.; Jhoncon, J.H.; Guerrero-Abad, J.C.; Vásquez, H.V.; Maicelo, J.L.; Arbizu, C.I. Revealing the Complete Chloroplast Genome of an Andean Horticultural Crop, Sweet Cucumber (Solanum muricatum), and Its Comparative Analysis with Other Solanaceae Species. Preprints 2022, 2022050225 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0225.v1). Saldaña, C.L.; Chávez-Galarza, J.C.; De la Cruz, G.; Jhoncon, J.H.; Guerrero-Abad, J.C.; Vásquez, H.V.; Maicelo, J.L.; Arbizu, C.I. Revealing the Complete Chloroplast Genome of an Andean Horticultural Crop, Sweet Cucumber (Solanum muricatum), and Its Comparative Analysis with Other Solanaceae Species. Preprints 2022, 2022050225 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0225.v1).

Abstract

Sweet cucumber (Solanum muricatum) sect. Basarthrum, is a neglected horticultural crop native of the Andean region. It is naturally distributed very close to potatoes (Solanum sect. Petota) and tomatoes (Solanum sect. Lycopersicon), two groups of high economic importance. To date, molecular tools for this crop are still undetermined. We here obtained the first complete chloroplast (cp) genome of sweet cucumber and compared with seven Solanaceae species. Pair-end clean reads were obtained by PE 150 library and the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform. The complete cp genome of S. muricatum had a 155,681 bp with typical quadripartite structure, containing a large single copy (LSC) region (86,182 bp) and a small single-copy (SSC) region (18,360 bp), separated by two inverted repeat (IR) regions (25,568 bp). The annotation of chloroplast genome predicted 88 protein-coding genes (CDS), 8 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and one pseudogene. A total of 48 perfect microsatellites were identified, divided in mononucleotide repeats (32), followed by tetranucleotide (6) and dinucleotides (5). SSRs with trinucleotides repeats (3), pentanucleotide (1) and hexanucleotide (1) repeats motifs in these genomes were identified in lower quantity. Most of these repeats were distributed in the noncoding regions. Whole chloroplast genome comparison with the other seven Solanaceae species revealed that the small and large single copy regions showed more divergence than inverted regions. Finally, phylogenetic analysis resolved that S. muricatum is a sister species to members of sections Petota + Lycopersicum + Etuberosum. This study reports for the first time the genome organization, gene content, and structural features of the cp genome of S. muricatum. Also, this study may provide the basis for evaluating genetic diversity within Solanum, and will be useful to examine the evolutionary processes in sweet cucumber landraces.

Keywords

chloroplast; genome; sweet cucumber; Solanaceae; next-generation sequencing

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Genetics

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