Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Ethylene Glycol:Citric Acid Molar Ratio and pH on the Morphology, Vibrational, Optical and Electronic Properties of TiO2 and CuO Powders Synthesized by Pechini Method

Version 1 : Received: 11 May 2022 / Approved: 11 May 2022 / Online: 11 May 2022 (08:54:56 CEST)

How to cite: Vargas-Urbano, M.A.; Marín, L.; Castillo, W.M.; Rodríguez, L.A.; Magén, C.; Manotas-Albor, M.; Diosa, J.E.; Gross, K. Effect of Ethylene Glycol:Citric Acid Molar Ratio and pH on the Morphology, Vibrational, Optical and Electronic Properties of TiO2 and CuO Powders Synthesized by Pechini Method. Preprints 2022, 2022050150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0150.v1). Vargas-Urbano, M.A.; Marín, L.; Castillo, W.M.; Rodríguez, L.A.; Magén, C.; Manotas-Albor, M.; Diosa, J.E.; Gross, K. Effect of Ethylene Glycol:Citric Acid Molar Ratio and pH on the Morphology, Vibrational, Optical and Electronic Properties of TiO2 and CuO Powders Synthesized by Pechini Method. Preprints 2022, 2022050150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0150.v1).

Abstract

High purity TiO2 and CuO powders were synthesized by the Pechini method, an inexpensive and easy-to-implement procedure to synthetize metal oxides. The variables of synthesis were the ethylene glycol:citric acid molar ratio and the pH. High reproducibility of the anatase and tenorite phase was obtained for all synthesis routes. The degree of purity of the powders was confirmed by XRD, FTIR, UV-vis absorption and XPS spectra. SEM and TEM images revealed the powders are composed by micrometer grains that can have a spherical shape (only in the TiO2) or formed by a non-compacted nanocrystalline conglomerate. FTIR spectra only vibrational modes associated to the TiO2 or CuO with a nanoparticle behavior. UV-vis absorption spectra revealed the values of maximum absorbance percentage of both systems are reached in the ultraviolet region, with percentages above 83 % throughout the entire visible light spectrum for the CuO system, a relevant result for solar cell applications. Finally, XPS experiments allow the observation of the valence bands and the calculation of the energy bands of all oxides.

Keywords

Pechini method; TiO2; CuO; anatase; tenorite; band gap; absorbance; diffuse reflectance; XPS

Subject

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Condensed Matter Physics

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