Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Annona Genus

Version 1 : Received: 27 April 2022 / Approved: 28 April 2022 / Online: 28 April 2022 (04:16:02 CEST)

How to cite: Al Kazman, B.S.M.; Hanrahan, J.R. Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Annona Genus. Preprints 2022, 2022040271 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0271.v1). Al Kazman, B.S.M.; Hanrahan, J.R. Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Annona Genus. Preprints 2022, 2022040271 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0271.v1).

Abstract

In 1789, the Annonaceae family was cataloged by de Jussieu. It encompasses tropical and subtropical plants which are widespread in distribution across various continents such as Asia, South and Central America, Australia and Africa. The genus of Annona is one of the 120 genera of the Annonaceae family and contains more than 119 species of trees and shrubs. The majority of these species are found in tropical America with more than 105 species (26 of them are endemic). Due to its edible fruits and medicinal properties, Annona is the most important genus of Annonaceae family. Despite Annona having many species, only limited species of this family are economically important such as A. squamosa L. (sugar apple), A. cherimola Mill. (Cherimoya), A. muricata L. (guanabana or soursop), A. atemoya Mabb. (atemoya), a hybrid between A. cherimola and A. squamosa, A. reticulata L. (custard apple), A. glabra L. (pond-apple) and A. macroprophyllata Donn. Sm. (ilama). Phytochemically, several classes of secondary metabolites such as acetogenins, essential oils, alkaloids, terpenoids and flavonoids have been described in this genus. A variety of pharmacological activities have been reported from various parts of Annona species specially leaves and seeds including applications against antibacterial, anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory.

Keywords

Annonaceae; Annona; custard apple; phytochemistry; bioactivity; pharmacological activity

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacology & Toxicology

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