Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

On the Redox-Activity and Health-Effects of Atmospheric Primary and Secondary Aerosol: Phenomenology

Version 1 : Received: 11 April 2022 / Approved: 12 April 2022 / Online: 12 April 2022 (09:54:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Costabile, F.; Decesari, S.; Vecchi, R.; Lucarelli, F.; Curci, G.; Massabò, D.; Rinaldi, M.; Gualtieri, M.; Corsini, E.; Menegola, E.; Canepari, S.; Massimi, L.; Argentini, S.; Busetto, M.; Di Iulio, G.; Di Liberto, L.; Paglione, M.; Petenko, I.; Russo, M.; Marinoni, A.; Casasanta, G.; Valentini, S.; Bernardoni, V.; Crova, F.; Valli, G.; Forello, A.C.; Giardi, F.; Nava, S.; Pazzi, G.; Prati, P.; Vernocchi, V.; La Torretta, T.; Petralia, E.; Stracquadanio, M.; Zanini, G.; Melzi, G.; Nozza, E.; Iulini, M.; Caruso, D.; Cioffi, L.; Imperato, G.; Giavarini, F.; Battistoni, M.; Di Renzo, F.; Frezzini, M.A.; Perrino, C.; Facchini, M.C. On the Redox-Activity and Health-Effects of Atmospheric Primary and Secondary Aerosol: Phenomenology. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 704. Costabile, F.; Decesari, S.; Vecchi, R.; Lucarelli, F.; Curci, G.; Massabò, D.; Rinaldi, M.; Gualtieri, M.; Corsini, E.; Menegola, E.; Canepari, S.; Massimi, L.; Argentini, S.; Busetto, M.; Di Iulio, G.; Di Liberto, L.; Paglione, M.; Petenko, I.; Russo, M.; Marinoni, A.; Casasanta, G.; Valentini, S.; Bernardoni, V.; Crova, F.; Valli, G.; Forello, A.C.; Giardi, F.; Nava, S.; Pazzi, G.; Prati, P.; Vernocchi, V.; La Torretta, T.; Petralia, E.; Stracquadanio, M.; Zanini, G.; Melzi, G.; Nozza, E.; Iulini, M.; Caruso, D.; Cioffi, L.; Imperato, G.; Giavarini, F.; Battistoni, M.; Di Renzo, F.; Frezzini, M.A.; Perrino, C.; Facchini, M.C. On the Redox-Activity and Health-Effects of Atmospheric Primary and Secondary Aerosol: Phenomenology. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 704.

Journal reference: Atmosphere 2022, 13, 704
DOI: 10.3390/atmos13050704

Abstract

The RHAPS project was launched in 2019 with the major objective to identify specific properties of the fine atmospheric aerosol from combustion sources that are responsible for toxicological effects and can be used as new metrics for health-related outdoor pollution studies. In this paper, we present the overall methodology of RHAPS, and introduce the phenomenology and the first data observed. A comprehensive physico-chemical aerosol characterization has been achieved by means of high-time resolution measurements (e.g. number size distributions, refractory chemical components, elemental composition,) and low-time resolution analyses (e.g. oxidative potential, toxicological assays, chemical composition,…). Preliminary results show a high complexity in the relations observed, the link between air quality and toxicological endpoints being not obvious. We explore data from different points of view: source apportionment of PM1 and the role of source emissions on aerosol toxicity, the oxidative potential as a predictive variable for PM1 toxicity with focus on the secondary organic aerosol possessing redox-active capacity, exposure-response relationships for PM1, and air quality models to forecast PM1 toxicity. We provide a synthesis of results with the outlook to companion papers where data are analyzed in more detail.

Keywords

atmospheric aerosol; chemical composition; secondary aerosol; source apportionment; ultrafine particles; oxidative potential; exposure; toxicology; forecasting; micrometeorology

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Atmospheric Science

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