Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence and Determinants of Excessive Screen Viewing Time in Children and its Effects on Physical Activity, Sleep, Eye Symptoms and Headache

Version 1 : Received: 3 April 2022 / Approved: 4 April 2022 / Online: 4 April 2022 (10:57:14 CEST)

How to cite: Jain, S.; Shrivastava, S.; Mathur, A.; Pathak, D.; Pathak, A. Prevalence and Determinants of Excessive Screen Viewing Time in Children and its Effects on Physical Activity, Sleep, Eye Symptoms and Headache. Preprints 2022, 2022040014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0014.v1). Jain, S.; Shrivastava, S.; Mathur, A.; Pathak, D.; Pathak, A. Prevalence and Determinants of Excessive Screen Viewing Time in Children and its Effects on Physical Activity, Sleep, Eye Symptoms and Headache. Preprints 2022, 2022040014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0014.v1).

Abstract

Screen viewing time is the total time spent by a child on any digital/electronic device. The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence and predictors of excessive screen viewing time in children in Ujjain, India. This cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted through house-to-house survey by using the three-stage cluster sampling method in 36 urban wards and 36 villages of Ujjain district, India. Excessive screen viewing time was defined as screen viewing for > 2 h/day. The prevalence of excessive screen viewing time was 17.83%. Risk factors identified using the multivariate logistic regression model were: age (OR: 1.5, P < 0.001); mobile phone use before bedtime (OR: 3.17, P = 0.008); parents’ perception about the child habituated to screen (OR: 14.03, P < 0.001); television in bedroom (OR: 48.69, P < 0.001); morning mobile screen viewing time (OR: 9.27, P < 0.001); not reading books other than textbooks (OR: 9.71, P < 0.001); and lack of outdoor play for >2 h (OR: 4.20, P < 0.001). Presence of eye pain was a protective factor for excessive screen viewing time (OR: 0.12, P = 0.011). The study identified multiple modifiable risk factors for excessive screen viewing time.

Keywords

screen view time; children; risk factors; India

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pediatrics

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