Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Rossby Waves in Total Ozone over the Arctic in 2000–2021

Version 1 : Received: 28 March 2022 / Approved: 29 March 2022 / Online: 29 March 2022 (11:26:45 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhang, C.; Grytsai, A.; Evtushevsky, O.; Milinevsky, G.; Andrienko, Y.; Shulga, V.; Klekociuk, A.; Rapoport, Y.; Han, W. Rossby Waves in Total Ozone over the Arctic in 2000–2021. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 2192. Zhang, C.; Grytsai, A.; Evtushevsky, O.; Milinevsky, G.; Andrienko, Y.; Shulga, V.; Klekociuk, A.; Rapoport, Y.; Han, W. Rossby Waves in Total Ozone over the Arctic in 2000–2021. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 2192.

Journal reference: Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 2192
DOI: 10.3390/rs14092192

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to study Rossby wave parameters in total ozone over Arctic in 2000–2021. We consider the averages in the January–March period, when stratospheric trace gases (including ozone) in sudden stratospheric warming events are strongly disturbed by planetary waves. To characterize the wave parameters, we analyzed ozone data at the latitudes of 50° N (the sub-vortex area), 60° N (the polar vortex edge) and 70° N (inner region of the polar vortex). Total ozone column (TOC) measurements during 22-year time interval were used from Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) / Earth Probe and Ozone Mapping Instrument (OMI) / Aura satellite observations. The total ozone zonal distribution and variations in the parameters of the Fourier spectral components with zonal wave numbers m = 1–5 are presented. Daily and interannual variations in TOC, amplitudes and phases of spectral wave components, and linear trends of the quasi-stationary wave 1 (QSW1) amplitudes are discussed. The positive TOC peaks inside the vortex in 2010 and 2018 alternate with negative ones in 2011 and 2020. The latter TOC anomalies correspond to severe depletion of stratospheric ozone over the Arctic in the strong vortex conditions due to anomalously low activity of planetary waves. Variations in TOC in sub-vortex region exhibit the statistically significant negative trend –4.8±5.4 DU decade–1 in QSW1 amplitude, while the trend is statistically insignificant at the vortex edge region due to increased TOC variability. Processes associated with polar vortex dynamics are discussed, including quasi-stationary vortex asymmetry and quasi-circumpolar migration of the wave-1 phase at the vortex edge.

Keywords

Rossby wave; quasi-stationary wave; stratosphere; Arctic; ozone

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Atmospheric Science

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