Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Early Life Exercise Training and Inhibition of Apolipoprotein B Expression to Improve Age-Related Arrhythmias and Prolong the Average Lifespan in Drosophila

Version 1 : Received: 26 March 2022 / Approved: 29 March 2022 / Online: 29 March 2022 (10:07:13 CEST)

How to cite: Ding, M.; Li, Q.; Peng, T.; Wang, T.; Yan, H.; Tang, C.; Wang, X.; Guo, Y.; Zheng, L. Early Life Exercise Training and Inhibition of Apolipoprotein B Expression to Improve Age-Related Arrhythmias and Prolong the Average Lifespan in Drosophila. Preprints 2022, 2022030380 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0380.v1). Ding, M.; Li, Q.; Peng, T.; Wang, T.; Yan, H.; Tang, C.; Wang, X.; Guo, Y.; Zheng, L. Early Life Exercise Training and Inhibition of Apolipoprotein B Expression to Improve Age-Related Arrhythmias and Prolong the Average Lifespan in Drosophila. Preprints 2022, 2022030380 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0380.v1).

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) places a heavy burden on older patients and the global healthcare system. A large body of evidence suggests that exercise training is essential in preventing and treating cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we used the Drosophila melanogaster animal model to study the effects of early-life exercise training (ELET) on the aging heart and lifespan. We found in flies that age-induced arrhythmias are conserved across different genetic backgrounds. The fat body is the primary source of circulating lipoproteins in flies. Inhibition of fat body apoLpp (the flies apoB homolog) demonstrated that low expression of apoLpp reduced the development of arrhythmias in aged flies but did not affect average lifespan. At the same time, ELET can also reduce the expression of apoLpp mRNA in aged flies and have a protective effect on the heart, which is similar to the inhibition of apoLpp mRNA. Although treatment of apoLppRNAi and ELET alone had no significant effect on lifespan, the combination of apoLppRNAi and ELET extended the average lifespan of flies. Therefore, we conclude that apoLppRNAi and ELET are sufficient to resist age-induced arrhythmias, which may be related to the decreased expression of apoLpp mRNA, and that apoLppRNAi and ELET have a combined effect on prolonging the average lifespan.

Keywords

Exercise training; arrhythmias; Drosophila; apolipoprotein B; aging

Subject

BIOLOGY, Entomology

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