Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Biochemistry and Molecular Basis of Intracellular Flavonoid Transport in Plants

Version 1 : Received: 5 March 2022 / Approved: 8 March 2022 / Online: 8 March 2022 (13:15:22 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 26 March 2022 / Approved: 28 March 2022 / Online: 28 March 2022 (17:03:39 CEST)

How to cite: Pucker, B.; Selmar, D. Biochemistry and Molecular Basis of Intracellular Flavonoid Transport in Plants. Preprints 2022, 2022030124 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0124.v1). Pucker, B.; Selmar, D. Biochemistry and Molecular Basis of Intracellular Flavonoid Transport in Plants. Preprints 2022, 2022030124 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0124.v1).

Abstract

Flavonoids are a biochemically diverse group of specialized metabolites in plants that are derived from phenylalanine. While the biosynthesis of the flavonoid aglycone is highly conserved across species and well characterized, numerous species-specific decoration steps and their relevance remained largely unexplored. The flavonoid biosynthesis takes place at the cytosolic site of the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER), but accumulation of various flavonoids was observed in the central vacuole. A universal explanation for the subcellular transport of flavonoids has eluded researchers for decades. Current knowledge suggests that a glutathione S-transferase-like protein (ligandin) protects anthocyanins and potentially proanthocyanidin precursors during the transport to the central vacuole. ABCC transporters and to a lower extend MATE transporters sequester anthocyanins into the vacuole. Glycosides of specific proanthocyanidin precursors are sequestered through MATE transporters. A P-ATPase in the tonoplast and potentially other proteins generate the proton gradient that is required for the MATE-mediated antiport. Vesicle-mediated transport of flavonoids from the ER to the vacuole is considered as an alternative or additional route.

Keywords

anthocyanins; proanthocyanidins; flavonols; flavones; flavonoid transport; flavonoid biosynthesis; flavonoid accumulation; ligandin; MATE; ABCC

Subject

BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences

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