Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Assay for Evaluating the Abundance of Vibrio Cholerae and Its O1 Serogroup Subpopulation Directly from Water Without DNA Extraction

Version 1 : Received: 14 February 2022 / Approved: 23 February 2022 / Online: 23 February 2022 (06:45:35 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Nasreen, T.; Hussain, N.A.; Ho, J.Y.; Aw, V.Z.J.; Alam, M.; Yanow, S.K.; Boucher, Y.F. Assay for Evaluating the Abundance of Vibrio cholerae and Its O1 Serogroup Subpopulation from Water without DNA Extraction. Pathogens 2022, 11, 363. Nasreen, T.; Hussain, N.A.; Ho, J.Y.; Aw, V.Z.J.; Alam, M.; Yanow, S.K.; Boucher, Y.F. Assay for Evaluating the Abundance of Vibrio cholerae and Its O1 Serogroup Subpopulation from Water without DNA Extraction. Pathogens 2022, 11, 363.

Journal reference: Pathogens 2022, 11, 363
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens11030363

Abstract

Cholera is a severe diarrheal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, a natural inhabitant of brackish water. Effective control of cholera outbreaks depends on prompt detection of the pathogen from clinical specimens and tracking its source in the environment. Although the epidemiology of chol-era is well studied, rapid detection of V. cholerae remains a challenge, and data on its abundance in environmental sources are limited. Here, we describe a sensitive molecular quantification as-say by qPCR, which can be used on-site in low resource settings directly on water without the need for DNA extraction. This newly optimized method exhibited 100% specificity for total V. cholerae as well as V. cholerae O1 and allowed detection of as few as three target genome copies per reaction. The limit of detection is as low as 5 × 10E3 genome copies/L of water after concentrat-ing biomass from the sample. The ability to perform qPCR directly on water samples, portable features of the equipment, stability of the reagents at 4°C and user-friendly online software facili-tate fast quantitative analysis of V. cholerae. These characteristics make this assay extremely use-ful for field research in resource-poor settings and could support continuous monitoring in cholera endemic areas.

Keywords

cholera; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio cholerae O1; endemic; toxigenic; abundance and qPCR

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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