Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Biosecurity: Bioexclusion And Biocontainment Measures As Effective Poultry Health Management Strategy

Version 1 : Received: 26 January 2022 / Approved: 31 January 2022 / Online: 31 January 2022 (13:19:29 CET)

How to cite: Assefa, B. Biosecurity: Bioexclusion And Biocontainment Measures As Effective Poultry Health Management Strategy. Preprints 2022, 2022010461 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0461.v1). Assefa, B. Biosecurity: Bioexclusion And Biocontainment Measures As Effective Poultry Health Management Strategy. Preprints 2022, 2022010461 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0461.v1).

Abstract

Biosecurity is a tool used to alleviate the introduction, emergence and spread of diseases caused by infectious agents. It comprises different health-management activities that need to be followed to reduce the passage and dissemination of infectious agents within and among farms, poultry flocks, and humans, as well as within a country, among countries, or the whole globe. In terms of public health measures, biosecurity applies to practices that will reduce contact between poultry and humans and thereby reduce zoonotic disease transmission. Two of the common biosecurity measures are bioexclusion and biocontainment which themselves are further categorized as segregation/isolation, movement control and hygiene/sanitation/disinfection. Isolation is about putting poultry under an exclusively isolated environment where it lives alone without any interference from any source external to the poultry or at least under reduced and controlled interference. Movement/traffic control and sanitation measures are practices to follow the isolation of poultry or preparatory phase as in the case of sanitation of poultry houses before introduction of poultry. These techniques have been effective in controlling poultry diseases like avian influenza, exotic Newcastle, Marek’s disease, and any other diseases. Depending upon the underlying situation either bioexclusion or biocontainment measure will be used to control these infectious diseases of poultry.

Keywords

Biocontainment; Bioexclusion; Biosecurity; Health-management; Poultry

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Veterinary Medicine

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