Sallaba, F.; Rolof, F.; Ehlers, S.; Walters, C.L.; Braun, M. Relation between the Fatigue and Fracture Ductile-Brittle Transition in S500 Welded Steel Joints. Metals2022, 12, 385.
Sallaba, F.; Rolof, F.; Ehlers, S.; Walters, C.L.; Braun, M. Relation between the Fatigue and Fracture Ductile-Brittle Transition in S500 Welded Steel Joints. Metals 2022, 12, 385.
The formation and propagation of cracks occurs through irreversible dislocation movements at notches, material defects and grain boundaries. Since this process is partly thermally controlled, the resistance to dislocation movements at low temperatures increases. This slows both fatigue initiation and fatigue crack propagation. From recent experimental data, it can be seen that fatigue crack growth is accelerated below the fatigue transition temperature (FTT) that correlates with the ductile-brittle transition temperature (DBTT) found by well-known fracture mechanics tests, i.e., Charpy impact, fracture toughness, and CTOD. Hence, this study investigates the relation between FTT and DBTT in S500 high-strength steel base material and welded joints at low temperatures using fatigue crack growth, fracture toughness tests as well as scanning electron microscopy. From the tests, an almost constant decrease in fatigue crack propagation rate is determined with decreasing test temperature even below the DBTT.
Arctic conditions; Weldment fatigue; Temperature dependence of material fatigue; Fatigue and fracture mechanics testing at low temperatures; Fatigue and fracture transitions temperatures; Direct-current potential drop method; Scanning electron microscopy; FTT; FDBT; DBTT
Chemistry and Materials Science, Materials Science and Technology
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