Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Appetite of Patients 12 Months After Intensive Care Unit Discharge is Associated with Depression

Version 1 : Received: 13 January 2022 / Approved: 14 January 2022 / Online: 14 January 2022 (13:52:25 CET)

How to cite: Unoki, T.; Sasaki, A.; Sakuramoto, H.; Uemura, S.; Tsujimoto, T.; Yamaguchi, T.; Shiba, Y.; Hino, M.; Kuribara, T.; Fukuda, Y.; Nagao, T.; Kitayama, M.; Shirasaka, M.; Satoi, Y.; Haruna, J.; Masuda, Y. The Appetite of Patients 12 Months After Intensive Care Unit Discharge is Associated with Depression. Preprints 2022, 2022010213 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0213.v1). Unoki, T.; Sasaki, A.; Sakuramoto, H.; Uemura, S.; Tsujimoto, T.; Yamaguchi, T.; Shiba, Y.; Hino, M.; Kuribara, T.; Fukuda, Y.; Nagao, T.; Kitayama, M.; Shirasaka, M.; Satoi, Y.; Haruna, J.; Masuda, Y. The Appetite of Patients 12 Months After Intensive Care Unit Discharge is Associated with Depression. Preprints 2022, 2022010213 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0213.v1).

Abstract

Abstract: Appetite loss is common in older patients and an independent risk factor for sarcopenia, which is associated with high mortality. However, few studies have explored the phenomenon of appetite loss after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). Therefore, we aimed to describe the prevalence of appetite loss and the relationship between appetite loss and depression in patients living at home 12 months after intensive care. We conducted a post hoc analysis, which was a published ambidirectional study examining post-intensive care syndrome at 12 months after discharge. We included patients aged > 65 years. The Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ) and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) were used for the analysis. Descriptive statistics and a multilevel generalized linear model were used to clarify the relationship between appetite loss and depression. Data from 468 patients were analyzed. The defined appetite loss was 25.4% (95%CI, 21.5–29.4). High severity of depression was an independent factor for high probability of appetite loss (OR, 1.2; 95%CI, 1.14–1.28; p=0.00). Poor appetite is common 12 months after intensive care and is associated with the severity of depression.

Keywords

anorexia; aged; intensive care; depression

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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