Yang, Z.; Simovic, M.O.; Edsall, P.R.; Liu, B.; Cancio, T.S.; Batchinsky, A.I.; Cancio, L.C.; Li, Y. HMGB1 Inhibition to Ameliorate Organ Failure and Increase Survival in Trauma. Biomolecules2022, 12, 101.
Yang, Z.; Simovic, M.O.; Edsall, P.R.; Liu, B.; Cancio, T.S.; Batchinsky, A.I.; Cancio, L.C.; Li, Y. HMGB1 Inhibition to Ameliorate Organ Failure and Increase Survival in Trauma. Biomolecules 2022, 12, 101.
Several preclinical and clinical reports have demonstrated that levels of circulating high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) are increased early after trauma and are associated with systemic inflammation and clinical outcomes. However, the mechanisms of the interaction between HMGB1 and inflammatory mediators that lead to the development of remote organ damage after trauma remain obscure. HMGB1 and inflammatory mediators were analyzed in plasma from 54 combat casualties, collected on admission to a military hospital in Iraq, and at 8 and 24 hours after admission. Forty-five (83%) of these patients had traumatic brain injury (TBI). Nine healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. HMGB1 plasma levels were significantly increased in the first 8 hours after admission, and were found to be associated with systemic inflammatory responses, injury severity score, and presence of TBI. These data provided the rationale for designing experiments in rats subjected to blast injury and hemorrhage, to explore the effect of HMGB1 inhibition by CX-01. Animals were cannulated, then recovered for 5-7 days before blast injury in a shock tube and volume-controlled hemorrhage. Blast injury and hemorrhage induced an early increase in HMGB1 plasma levels that coincided with severity of tissue damage and mortality. CX-01 inhibited systemic HMGB1 release, decreased local and systemic inflammatory responses, significantly reduced tissue and organ damage, and tended to increase survival. These data suggest that CX-01 has potential as an adjuvant treatment for traumatic hemorrhage.
HMGB1; trauma; hemorrhagic shock; inflammation; multiple organ failure
MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pathology & Pathobiology
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