Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genome Wide Identification of Key Components of RNA Silencing in Two Phaseolus vulgaris Genotypes of Contrasting Origin and Their Expression Analyses in Response to Fungal Infection

Version 1 : Received: 3 December 2021 / Approved: 6 December 2021 / Online: 6 December 2021 (12:42:51 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alvarez-Diaz, J.C.; Richard, M.M.S.; Thareau, V.; Teano, G.; Paysant-Le-Roux, C.; Rigaill, G.; Pflieger, S.; Gratias, A.; Geffroy, V. Genome-Wide Identification of Key Components of RNA Silencing in Two Phaseolus vulgaris Genotypes of Contrasting Origin and Their Expression Analyses in Response to Fungal Infection. Genes 2022, 13, 64. Alvarez-Diaz, J.C.; Richard, M.M.S.; Thareau, V.; Teano, G.; Paysant-Le-Roux, C.; Rigaill, G.; Pflieger, S.; Gratias, A.; Geffroy, V. Genome-Wide Identification of Key Components of RNA Silencing in Two Phaseolus vulgaris Genotypes of Contrasting Origin and Their Expression Analyses in Response to Fungal Infection. Genes 2022, 13, 64.

Journal reference: Genes 2021, 13, 64
DOI: 10.3390/genes13010064

Abstract

RNA silencing serves key roles in a multitude of cellular processes, including development, stress responses, metabolism, and maintenance of genome integrity. Dicer, Argonaute (AGO), double-stranded RNA binding (DRB), RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDR) and DNA-dependent RNA polymerases known as Pol IV and Pol V form core components to trigger RNA silencing. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is an important staple crop worldwide. In this study, we aimed to unravel the components of the RNA-guided silencing pathway in this non-model plant taking advantage of the availability of two genome assemblies of Andean and Meso-American origin. We identified six PvDCLs, thirteen PvAGOs, 10 PvDRB, 5 PvRDR, in both genotypes, suggesting no recent gene amplification or deletion after the gene pool separation. In addition, we identified one PvNRPD1 and one PvNRPE1 encoding the largest subunits of Pol IV and Pol V, respectively. These genes were categorized into subgroups based on phylogenetic analyses. Comprehensive analyses of gene structure, genomic localization and similarity among these genes were performed. Their expression patterns were investigated by means of expression models in different organs using online data and quantitative RT-PCR after pathogen infection. Several of the candidate genes were up-regulated after infection with the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum.

Keywords

Phaseolus vulgaris; Colletotrichum lindemuthianum; RNA silencing; Argonaute; double-stranded RNA binding (DRB); RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDR); Pol IV

Subject

BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences

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