Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Exploratory Investigation of Organic Solid Waste for Energy Use in the Dominican Republic: Case of the Municipality of Puñal, Santiago

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2021 / Approved: 30 November 2021 / Online: 30 November 2021 (12:56:26 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Franco, E.F.; Padrón Iglesia, W.; Pérez Teruel, K. Household Solid WasteManagement in the Dominican Republic: Case of the Municipality of Puñal, Santiago. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3149. Franco, E.F.; Padrón Iglesia, W.; Pérez Teruel, K. Household Solid WasteManagement in the Dominican Republic: Case of the Municipality of Puñal, Santiago. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3149.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2022, 14, 3149
DOI: 10.3390/su14063149

Abstract

One of the biggest problems that the Dominican Republic has had in recent decades is the efficient management of solid waste produced by the population. This problem has worsened in recent years due to the decrease in available areas for the construction of sanitary landfills, the lack of recycling culture in the population, the deficiency in waste collection, and the scarce legal controls aimed at preserving water and air and soil, among other factors. The objective of this study was to explore the management of solid waste by the population and the municipality of Puñal, province of Santiago, to evaluate and analyze the situation and generation of solid waste, municipal solid waste management services, and the attitudes of the population regarding recycling projects and waste management, to evaluate the viability and sustainability of the use organic waste for energy generation. A total of 275 households from 29 localities in the municipality of Puñal were surveyed, which allowed for a significant population sample. According to the results obtained, the most significant type of waste produced by families is organic waste, followed by plastic waste and paper. Of the total organic waste produced in the municipality, 53% of solid waste is disregarded through the municipal waste collection system, while 47% is used as plant fertilizers or animal feed. On the other hand, most households receive the municipal waste collection service and pay for this service. The results of our research show that the implementation of an energy production system based on organic waste would be viable in the municipality of Puñal. However, a more efficient waste collection system would be necessary and the development of programs and projects that allow all households to participate in the system.

Keywords

Household solid waste; Dominican Republic; separation at source; Organic solid waste, Household survey; Cibao; North region.)

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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