Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Nanotechnological Advancement in Antimicrobial Drug Designing

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2021 / Approved: 19 November 2021 / Online: 19 November 2021 (14:31:33 CET)

How to cite: Oves, M.; Rauf, M.A. Nanotechnological Advancement in Antimicrobial Drug Designing. Preprints 2021, 2021110358 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0358.v1). Oves, M.; Rauf, M.A. Nanotechnological Advancement in Antimicrobial Drug Designing. Preprints 2021, 2021110358 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0358.v1).

Abstract

The global spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) microbial infections is currently one of the most severe risks to global public health, with 10 million fatalities expected by 2050 unless action is taken. Nanotechnology has revolutionized science and medicine. The reliance on nanotechnology is growing. Nanoparticles have distinct properties that improve biological, chemical, and physical properties studied for various uses. A significant area of attention in the synthesis of nanoscale modulators is the utilization of crude formulations, retro-synthesized, and pure chemicals, mainly from herbal sources, with fewer adverse effects. Green chemistry has devised a tangential technique for synthesizing metals and metal oxides to produce nanoparticles. Plant extracts (leaves, stems, and shoots) and microorganisms (bacteria, fungus, and yeast) are used as reducing intermediates to make nanoparticles. Studies in microbiology have shown that nanoparticles kill bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa. These green nanoparticles contain antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory effects. Most nanoparticles have high antibacterial properties, indicating they may be used to combat diseases and biological contaminants. These nanoparticles have antibacterial action against pathogenic microorganisms that cause serious illnesses, including multidrug-resistant pathogens. The current research will pave the way for future applications and improved methods for producing nanoparticles, paving the way for an innovative route in nano-life sciences with widespread recognition.

Keywords

multidrug-resistant (MDR); Nanotechnology; Antimicrobial

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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