Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Transcriptional Analysis-Based Alterations Affecting Neuritogenesis of the Peripheral Nervous System in Psoriasis

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2021 / Approved: 17 November 2021 / Online: 17 November 2021 (12:54:23 CET)

How to cite: Romhányi, D.; Szabó, K.; Kemény, L.; Sebestyén, E.; Groma, G. Transcriptional Analysis-Based Alterations Affecting Neuritogenesis of the Peripheral Nervous System in Psoriasis. Preprints 2021, 2021110309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0309.v1). Romhányi, D.; Szabó, K.; Kemény, L.; Sebestyén, E.; Groma, G. Transcriptional Analysis-Based Alterations Affecting Neuritogenesis of the Peripheral Nervous System in Psoriasis. Preprints 2021, 2021110309 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0309.v1).

Abstract

An increasing amount of evidence indicates the critical role of the cutaneous nervous system in the initiation and maintenance of psoriatic skin lesions by neurogenic inflammation. However, molecular mechanisms affecting cutaneous neurons are largely uncharacterized. Therefore, we reanalyzed a psoriatic RNA sequencing dataset from published transcriptome experiments of nearly 300 individuals. Using the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software, we associated several hundreds of differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) to nervous system development and functions. Since neuronal projections were previously reported to be affected in psoriasis, we performed an in-depth analysis of neurite formation-related processed. Our in silico analysis suggests that SEMA-PLXN and ROBO-DCC-UNC5 regulating axonal growth and repulsion are differentially affected in non-lesional and lesional skin samples. We identified opposing expressional alterations in secreted ligands for axonal guidance signaling (RTN4/NOGOA, NTNs, SEMAs, SLITs) and non-conventional axon guidance regulating ligands, including WNT5A and their receptors, modulating axon formation. These differences in neuritogenesis may explain the abnormal cutaneous nerve filament formation described in psoriatic skin. The processes also influence T cell activation and infiltration, thus highlighting an additional angle of the crosstalk between the cutaneous nervous system and the immune responses in psoriasis pathogenesis, in addition to the known neurogenic pro-inflammatory mediators.

Keywords

psoriasis; cutaneous nervous system; axon development; myelination

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Pathology & Pathobiology

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