Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Rock Acoustics of Diagenesis and Cementation

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2021 / Approved: 16 November 2021 / Online: 16 November 2021 (09:12:21 CET)

How to cite: Carcione, J.M.; Gei, D.; Picotti, S.; Qadrouh, A.; Alajmi, M.; Ba, J. Rock Acoustics of Diagenesis and Cementation. Preprints 2021, 2021110283 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0283.v1). Carcione, J.M.; Gei, D.; Picotti, S.; Qadrouh, A.; Alajmi, M.; Ba, J. Rock Acoustics of Diagenesis and Cementation. Preprints 2021, 2021110283 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0283.v1).

Abstract

We simulate the effects of diagenesis, cementation and compaction on the elastic properties of shales and sandstones with four different petro-elastical theories and a basin-evolution model, based on constant heating and sedimentation rates. We consider shales composed of clay minerals, mainly smectite and illite, depending on the burial depth, and the pore space is assumed to be saturated with water at hydrostatic conditions. Diagenesis in shale (smectite/illite transformation here) as a function of depth is described by a 5th-order kinetic equation, based on an Arrhenius reaction rate. On the other hand, quartz cementation in sandstones is based on a model that estimates the volume of precipitated quartz cement and the resulting porosity loss from the temperature history, using an equation relating the precipitation rate to temperature. Effective pressure effects (additional compaction) are accounted for by using Athy equation and the Hertz-Mindlin model. The petro-elastic models yield similar seismic velocities, despite the different level of complexity and physics approaches, with increasing density and seismic velocities as a function of depth. The methodology provides a simple procedure to obtain the velocity of shales and sandstones versus temperature and pressure due to the diagenesis-cementation-compaction process.

Keywords

shales; sandstone; diagenesis; cementation; compaction; seismic velocities; granular media; Gassmann equation

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