Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Removal of Rare-Earth Metals from Water-Salt Systems – An Innovative Aspect of the Modern Industry

Version 1 : Received: 3 November 2021 / Approved: 15 November 2021 / Online: 15 November 2021 (09:09:44 CET)

How to cite: Lobacheva, O.L. The Removal of Rare-Earth Metals from Water-Salt Systems – An Innovative Aspect of the Modern Industry. Preprints 2021, 2021110242 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0242.v1). Lobacheva, O.L. The Removal of Rare-Earth Metals from Water-Salt Systems – An Innovative Aspect of the Modern Industry. Preprints 2021, 2021110242 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0242.v1).

Abstract

Considering the ever-increasing role of rare-earth elements (REE) in the modern hi-tech field, their effective use has a tremendous significance, although the production process is inevitably linked to the large volumes of industrial ammonia effluents and heavy metal wastes. In the process of metallurgical separation of metals, the emission of large volumes of noxious gases and radioactive substances is inevitable. Lean technogenic raw material processing is sensible under the condition of the development of non-waste technology. The lack of competent regulations governing the disposal of waste containing REE has an impact on adjacent territories, accumulating in water bodies and, as a result, in the human body. Such an impact cannot pass without a trace, however, the ambiguity of opinions in the scientific community regarding the toxic effects of REE on living organisms determines the relevance of a more detailed study of this issue. The paper presents experimental and theoretical results of studies of ion flotation in the aqueous solutions containing ytterbium cations and a surfactant as a collector - sodium dodecyl sulphate (NaDS).

Keywords

contamination in environmental media; ion flotation; rare-earth elements; removal

Subject

CHEMISTRY, Applied Chemistry

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