Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Perceiving the Role of Communication Skills as a Bridge between the Perception of Spiritual Care and Acceptance of Evidence-Based Nursing Practice—Empirical Model

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2021 / Approved: 3 November 2021 / Online: 3 November 2021 (10:54:36 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Panczyk, M.; Iwanow, L.; Musik, S.; Wawrzuta, D.; Gotlib, J.; Jaworski, M. Perceiving the Role of Communication Skills as a Bridge between the Perception of Spiritual Care and Acceptance of Evidence-Based Nursing Practice—Empirical Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12591. Panczyk, M.; Iwanow, L.; Musik, S.; Wawrzuta, D.; Gotlib, J.; Jaworski, M. Perceiving the Role of Communication Skills as a Bridge between the Perception of Spiritual Care and Acceptance of Evidence-Based Nursing Practice—Empirical Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12591.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12591
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182312591

Abstract

Decision-making using evidence-based practice (EBP) is generally universally accepted by nurses. Such acceptance may affect the personnel’s behaviour towards patients, which is also demonstrated by taking into consideration the patient’s preferences, including the patient’s spiritual needs, in the care plan. The provision of such care requires the development of an attitude of approval and an adequate level of communicative competence, which will enable the actual implementation of the EBP. The purpose of our study was to assess the perception of spirituality and the nurse’s role in providing spiritual care, as well as the perception of the significance of communication skills in the approval of EBP in professional practice. A multi-centre cross-section study was conducted on a population of 1176 participants (459 undergraduate (Bachelor programme, BP) and 717 postgraduate students (Master programme, MP)) from 10 medical universities in Poland. Three tools were used in the study to evaluate the participants’ approach: Evidence-Based Practice Competence Questionnaire (EBP-COQ), The Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS), and Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). Structural equation modelling was used for the analysis. An analysis of structural equations revealed the presence of positive relationships of the attitude to spiritual care and the role of communicative competences with the approach to EBP regardless of the cohort. A significant difference was found related to the influence of age on the attitude toward learning communicative competences. The approval in this respect was observed to decrease with age in the MP group. Increasing approval of EBP requires strengthening the approach to activity-centred spiritual care, with the simultaneous development of a positive attitude towards learning communicative competences. The model reveals the need to integrate a humanistic approach with EBP, which can be achieved by planning different interventions in different groups of recipients: nurses, academic teachers and students.

Keywords

evidence-based practice; spiritual care; communication skills; path analysis

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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