Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigation of Copper, Zinc and Strontium Doping on Electrochemical Properties of Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for In Vitro Neural Recording

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2021 / Approved: 3 November 2021 / Online: 3 November 2021 (08:25:17 CET)

How to cite: Khudhair, D.; Gaburro, J.; Hamedani, H.A.; Barlow, A.; Garmestai, H.; Bhatti, A. Investigation of Copper, Zinc and Strontium Doping on Electrochemical Properties of Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for In Vitro Neural Recording. Preprints 2021, 2021110062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0062.v1). Khudhair, D.; Gaburro, J.; Hamedani, H.A.; Barlow, A.; Garmestai, H.; Bhatti, A. Investigation of Copper, Zinc and Strontium Doping on Electrochemical Properties of Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for In Vitro Neural Recording. Preprints 2021, 2021110062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0062.v1).

Abstract

Direct interaction with the neuronal cells is a prerequisite to deciphering useful information in understanding the underlying causes of diseases and functional abnormalities in the brain. Precisely fabricated nanoelectrodes provide the capability to interact with the brain in its natural habitat without compromising its functional integrity. Considerable research has been focused on the employment of vertical nanotubes as nanoelectrodes due to large-scale intracellular recording capability and longer-term intracellular access that arise from their unique geometry. Despite many types of nanotube structures reported in the literature, a limited subset of the nanotubes has been investigated for neural interfacing. This work reports on the fabrication and optimisation of vertically oriented titania nanotube arrays as a scalable electrode platform for neural interface application. To this end, the doping was performed by incorporating a selected group of biologically active metallic ions, including zinc, strontium, and copper, into TiO2 lattice and its effect was studied with respect to the structural, electrochemical and biological properties of the nanotube arrays. It was found that doping can change the length, diameter and wall thickness of the nanotubes. Among pure and doped samples, the copper-doped TiO2 nanotubes demonstrated the highest electrochemical and biological performance. Our results suggest that the doping can be used as a promising method to optimise the properties of nanotube arrays for the development of high-performance neural electrodes.

Keywords

Neural Interface; TiO2 Nanotube arrays; Biocompatibility; Electrochemical Properties; Doping

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