Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sustainability-Based Life Cycle Analysis of Biomethane as a Transportation Fuel Compared to Diesel and Natural Gas in Arequipa

Version 1 : Received: 29 October 2021 / Approved: 1 November 2021 / Online: 1 November 2021 (10:14:08 CET)

How to cite: Alvarez-Huamani, M.; Paredes-Zavala, J.; Davila-del-Carpio, G. Sustainability-Based Life Cycle Analysis of Biomethane as a Transportation Fuel Compared to Diesel and Natural Gas in Arequipa. Preprints 2021, 2021110001 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0001.v1). Alvarez-Huamani, M.; Paredes-Zavala, J.; Davila-del-Carpio, G. Sustainability-Based Life Cycle Analysis of Biomethane as a Transportation Fuel Compared to Diesel and Natural Gas in Arequipa. Preprints 2021, 2021110001 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0001.v1).

Abstract

The Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) was used to assess the impact of biomethane plant of the “La Católica” in Pedregal-Majes-Arequipa farm, fed with cow manure and holding a production of 60 Nm3/day of purified biogas. Life cycle inventory, impact assessment and interpretation were performed. The functional unit established was 1 MJ of energy produced; the study was modeled with SimaPro software, Ecoinvent Database and ReCiPe Midpoint (H) impact assessment methodology, according to the impact categories of climate change and fossil resource depletion. The impact analysis was limited to the Well to Tank (WTT) approach, which involves feedstock transport, substrate mixed, anaerobic digestion, biogas purification, storage and injection of the fuel into transport vehicles. The digestion process generated the highest amount of CO2 emissions (1.79E-02 kg CO2 eq/MJ-biomethane) and the highest depletion of fossil resources (6.58E-03 kg oil eq/MJ-biomethane), compared to the other fuel production, due to energy consumption and transport infrastructure. Biomethane was then compared to fossil fuels, resulting in natural gas generating the least amount of CO2 emissions, followed by diesel and finally biomethane. For the fossil resource depletion category, biomethane presented the lowest amount of fossil fuel consumption (1.37E-02 kg oil eq/MJ-biomethane), followed by natural gas and diesel.

Keywords

Life cycle analysis; biomethane; diesel; natural gas; SimaPro; Ecoinvent

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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