Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Different Explanations for the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Version 1 : Received: 22 October 2021 / Approved: 26 October 2021 / Online: 26 October 2021 (13:53:29 CEST)

How to cite: Pei, T. Different Explanations for the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Preprints 2021, 2021100388. Pei, T. Different Explanations for the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Preprints 2021, 2021100388.


In this research, the other reasonable explanations for the cosmic microwave background radiation is revealed. Due to the microwave resolution, it very roughly shows the image of galaxies in the universe. Moreover, the intensity measurement on each pixel of the image is the sum of the incident microwaves from different directions, so the microwave image cannot represent the microwave sources clearly far away from the Earth. Hence, we propose a simulation after removing several strongest microwave sources, the remaining microwave radiation sources can establish a very uniform intensity distribution over a range of several ten light years. On the other hand, Sloan Digital Sky Survey reveals 200 million galaxies in the universe and, in fact, only to eliminate the contributions of all galaxies from the microwave image is impossible. The way to further obtain the fine-scale structure by only removing the few strongest microwave sources as the foreground effect will keep the other contributions from all the rest galaxies and stars. Therefore, the Cosmic Microwave Background cannot be uniquely explained the radiation which was left after the initial formation of the universe. Moreover, it is the mainly residual radiation from the un-calculated galaxies and inaccurate estimation of the microwave source strength.


cosmic microwave background; cosmic infrared background; cosmic background detector; Planck Surveyor; Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey


Physical Sciences, Astronomy and Astrophysics

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.