Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Decapods Associated with the Southern King Crab (Lithodes santolla) Fishery in Central Patagonia (44º S, Chile).

Version 1 : Received: 25 October 2021 / Approved: 26 October 2021 / Online: 26 October 2021 (13:41:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Figueroa-Muñoz, G.; Molinet, C.; Díaz, M.; De los Ríos-Escalante, P. Decapods Associated with the Southern King Crab (Lithodes santolla) Fishery in Central Patagonia (44° S, Chile). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1353. Figueroa-Muñoz, G.; Molinet, C.; Díaz, M.; De los Ríos-Escalante, P. Decapods Associated with the Southern King Crab (Lithodes santolla) Fishery in Central Patagonia (44° S, Chile). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1353.

Journal reference: J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2021, 9, 1353
DOI: 10.3390/jmse9121353

Abstract

The Southern king crab, Lithodes santolla, is an important fishery resource in the inner seas of Chilean Patagonia. The fishing gear used to catch Southern king crab (bait trap) and its operation at different depths over several months provide the opportunity to gather information about relative abundance. The aim of the present study was to analyze the information collected from the catches of Southern king crab and its associated fauna in the Magdalena Fjord to study the biodiversity and ecology of scavenging decapod crustaceans. Specifically, the study aimed to determine the bathymetric patterns of abundance by species, to model the abundance by season (winter and spring) and to determine the structuring pattern of scavenging decapods assemblage. Samples were collected between June and November 2019 by deploying traps in four bathymetric strata: 1 = 0–50 m; 2 = 51–100 m; 3 =101–150 m; 4 = 151–200 m. We registered a total of 673 decapod specimens associated with the Southern king crab fishery, representing five species: Lithodes santolla (n = 96), Libidoclaea smithii (n = 10), Metacarcinus edwardsii (n = 58), Munida gregaria (n = 507) and Peltarion spinulosum (n = 2). The abundance of decapod species varied by month and bathymetric strata. We found bathymetric patterns for L. santolla abundance, M. gregaria, M. edwardsii, and total species abundance. The most informative model to explain scavenging decapod abundance by GLM included species and season. The null model of species co-occurrence analysis revealed that all species associations during the sampled months were random. Our study is the first that provides evidence about patterns of bathymetrical and temporal variation of scavenging decapod abundance and expands the body of knowledge regarding the biodiversity of scavenger decapods in the Magdalena Sound, which currently is affected by multiple stressors such as climate change and anthropic activities (aquaculture and fisheries).

Keywords

Lithodes santolla; fisheries; Decapoda; bathymetric pattern; Patagonia

Subject

BIOLOGY, Ecology

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