Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Fusaricidins, Polymyxins and Volatiles Produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa Strains DSM 32871 and M1

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2021 / Approved: 19 October 2021 / Online: 19 October 2021 (10:29:01 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mülner, P.; Schwarz, E.; Dietel, K.; Herfort, S.; Jähne, J.; Lasch, P.; Cernava, T.; Berg, G.; Vater, J. Fusaricidins, Polymyxins and Volatiles Produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa Strains DSM 32871 and M1. Pathogens 2021, 10, 1485. Mülner, P.; Schwarz, E.; Dietel, K.; Herfort, S.; Jähne, J.; Lasch, P.; Cernava, T.; Berg, G.; Vater, J. Fusaricidins, Polymyxins and Volatiles Produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa Strains DSM 32871 and M1. Pathogens 2021, 10, 1485.

Journal reference: Pathogens 2021, 10, 1485
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10111485

Abstract

Paenibacilli are efficient producers of potent agents against bacterial and fungal pathogens, which are of great interest both for therapeutic applications in medicine as well as in agrobiotechnol-ogy. Lipopeptides produced by such organisms play a major role in their inactivation potential. In this work we investigated two lipopeptide complexes, the fusaricidins and the polymyxins, produced by Paenibacillus polymyxa strains DSM 32871 and M1 by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The fusaricidins show potent antifungal activities and are distinguished by an unusual variabil-ity. For strain DSM 32871 we identified numerous yet unknown variants mass spectrometrically. DSM 32871 produces polymyxins of type E (colistins), while M1 forms polymyxins P. For both strains novel, but not yet completely characterized polymyxin species were detected, which pos-sibly are glycosylated. These compounds may be of interest therapeutically, because polymyxins attain increasing attention as last-resort antibiotics against multiresistant pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. In addition, the volatilomes of DSM 32781 and M1 were investigated with a GC-MS approach using different cultivation media. Production of volatile organic com-pounds (VOCs) was strain and medium dependent. In particular, strain M1 manifested as an effi-cient VOC-producer that exhibited formation of 25 volatiles in total. A characteristic feature of Paenibacilli is the formation of volatile pyrazine derivatives.

Keywords

P. polymyxa; bioactive peptides; volatiles; MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry; GC-MS

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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