Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Cryptic Invader of the Genus Persicaria (Polygonaceae) in La Palma and Gran Canaria (Spain, Canary Islands)

Version 1 : Received: 14 October 2021 / Approved: 15 October 2021 / Online: 15 October 2021 (14:34:13 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Verloove, F.; Otto, R.; Janssens, S.; Kim, S.-T. A Cryptic Invader of the Genus Persicaria (Polygonaceae) in La Palma and Gran Canaria (Spain, Canary Islands). Diversity 2021, 13, 551. Verloove, F.; Otto, R.; Janssens, S.; Kim, S.-T. A Cryptic Invader of the Genus Persicaria (Polygonaceae) in La Palma and Gran Canaria (Spain, Canary Islands). Diversity 2021, 13, 551.

Journal reference: Diversity 2021, 13, 551
DOI: 10.3390/d13110551

Abstract

A cryptic invader of the genus Persicaria is recently increasing in the damper, northern parts of La Palma and Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (Spain) and locally behaves as an invasive species. Examination of historical herbarium specimens showed this species to be present in Gran Canaria since the 1960’s and the same probably applies to La Palma. Up to now, this species had been assigned to the Old World weed P. maculosa. However, morphologically these plants clearly correspond with P. hydropiperoides, a common and widespread weed native to the New World, and morphologically similar indeed to P. maculosa. Diagnostic features for these two species, as well as for another similar species (P. decipiens, originally described from the Canary Islands), are compared, thoroughly discussed and copiously illustrated. The current distribution, ecology and naturalization status of P. hydropiperoides in the Canary Islands are also assessed. The variability of P. hydropiperoides is discussed, more precisely the taxonomic position of a southern ‘race’ of it that is sometimes referred to as a distinct species, P. persicarioides. In addition to our morphology-based study, a molecular phylogenetic analysis has been conducted on the nuclear ITS region and the plastid DNA region trnL-F.

Keywords

Canary Islands; cryptic invasion; molecular phylogeny; Persicaria; taxonomy

Subject

BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences

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