Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Response of Land Surface Temperature with the Changes of Coastal Build-up and Vegetation Index in the Mangrove Ecosystem of Chattogram Coast, Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 13 October 2021 / Approved: 14 October 2021 / Online: 14 October 2021 (14:21:53 CEST)

How to cite: Alam, H.E.; Alam, M.W.; Hoque, M.E.; Sarkar, M.S.I.; Arafat, M.Y.; Ahmed, K.T.; Uddin, M.N. Response of Land Surface Temperature with the Changes of Coastal Build-up and Vegetation Index in the Mangrove Ecosystem of Chattogram Coast, Bangladesh. Preprints 2021, 2021100219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0219.v1). Alam, H.E.; Alam, M.W.; Hoque, M.E.; Sarkar, M.S.I.; Arafat, M.Y.; Ahmed, K.T.; Uddin, M.N. Response of Land Surface Temperature with the Changes of Coastal Build-up and Vegetation Index in the Mangrove Ecosystem of Chattogram Coast, Bangladesh. Preprints 2021, 2021100219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0219.v1).

Abstract

Mangrove vegetation plays a vital role in habitat and nursing ground for different organisms and prevents coastal erosion caused by wave and tide action. In recent years the mangrove vegetation in Chattogram coast, Bangladesh, has been interrupted by other infrastructural development, which has a destructing effect on the surrounding environment. Land surface temperature analysis of an area helps learn about different environmental conditions, weather, and climate. It is also essential to monitor the rising temperature and global warming, the biggest threat to humanity. NDBI and NDVI are the efficient process for monitoring vegetation and build up areas of a geographical location. This study focused on those analyses to understand the importance of mangrove vegetation in the Salimpur area and surrounding coastal areas of Chattogram by studying the relationship between NDVI and NDBI, NDVI and LST, NDBI, and LST. The outcome indicates that a higher vegetation index results in lower land surface temperature during different periods, negatively correlated. This study also found a strong positive correlation between buildup index (NDBI) and land surface temperature (LST), which means Land Surface temperature was found higher in Buildup areas. The vegetation areas are greatly affected by the buildup areas. The correlation between buildup areas and vegetation areas was strongly negative, which means an increase of NDBI decreases NDVI, and a decrease of NDBI increases NDVI.

Keywords

Bangladesh; Land surface temperature; Coastal build-up; Vegetation index; Mangrove ecosystem

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