Xu, H.; Yu, H.; Jin, R.; Wu, X.; Chen, H. Genetic and Epigenetic Targeting Therapy for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Cells2021, 10, 3349.
Xu, H.; Yu, H.; Jin, R.; Wu, X.; Chen, H. Genetic and Epigenetic Targeting Therapy for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Cells 2021, 10, 3349.
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common malignancy in children and is characterized by numerous genetic and epigenetic abnormalities. Epigenetic mechanisms, which involve DNA methylations and histone modifications, result in the heritable silencing of genes without a change in their coding sequence. Emerging studies are increasing our understanding of the epigenetic role of leukemogenesis and have demonstrated the potential of DNA methylations and histone modifications as a biomarker for lineage and subtypes classification, predicting relapse, and disease progression in ALL. Epigenetic abnormalities are relatively reversible when treated with some small molecule-based agents compared to genetic alterations. In this review, we conclude the genetic and epigenetic characteristics in ALL and discuss the future role of DNA methylation and histone modifications in predicting relapse, finally focus on the individual and precision therapy targeting epigenetic alterations.
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