Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Dark Sector and the Standard Model from a Local Generalisation of Extra Dimensions

Version 1 : Received: 29 September 2021 / Approved: 30 September 2021 / Online: 30 September 2021 (12:25:52 CEST)

How to cite: Jackson, D. The Dark Sector and the Standard Model from a Local Generalisation of Extra Dimensions. Preprints 2021, 2021090512 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0512.v1). Jackson, D. The Dark Sector and the Standard Model from a Local Generalisation of Extra Dimensions. Preprints 2021, 2021090512 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0512.v1).

Abstract

Many models with structures of matter associated with a structure of extra spatial dimensions have been proposed in recent decades. On employing a further generalisation from the local 4-dimensional spacetime form to a general form for proper time, we describe how matter fields resembling the Standard Model of particle physics can be accommodated far more directly than with a higher-dimensional spacetime theory. The successful identification of key features of visible matter in this non-spatial sector of extra dimensions in turn motivates seeking a candidate for dark matter residing in the original extra spatial dimension sector, and provides a close guide for the explicit form this invisible matter might take. We describe how such Standard Model and dark matter sectors in different extra-dimensional branches of generalised proper time are gravitationally connected through their common root in the local 4-dimensional spacetime and consider further possible mutual interactions and implications in comparison with existing dark matter models. A yet further possible branch of generalised proper time can be connected with dark energy models, hence in principle accounting for all three major components of cosmological structure within this framework.

Keywords

Standard Model; dark matter; dark energy; unification; extra dimensions

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